FITC Mouse Anti-Human CD31
Clone WM59 (also known as WM-59) (RUO)
- Brand BD Pharmingen™
- Alternative Name EndoCAM; GPIIA'; PECA1; PECAM1; Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule
- Vol. Per Test 20 µl
- Isotype Mouse IgG1, κ
- Reactivity Human (QC Testing) Rhesus, Cynomolgus, Baboon (Tested in Development)
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
- Workshop No. V P025
- Entrez Gene ID 5175
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The WM59 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1, (PECAM-1, PECAM1), which is also known as GPIIA', or EndoCAM. CD31 is a 130 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the Ig gene superfamily. CD31 has wide tissue distribution and is expressed on platelets, monocytes, granulocytes, NK cells, T cell subsets, and in high amounts on endothelial cells. CD31 functions as a vascular endothelial cell adhesion molecule and is involved in the transendothelial migration of leucocytes in inflammatory responses. It might be involved in thrombosis, angiogenesis, and wound healing. The WM59 appears to recognize an epitope proximal to extracellular domain 2 of CD31.
Clone WM59 also cross-reacts with peripheral blood platelets and leukocytes of baboon, and both rhesus and cynomolgus macaque monkeys. The staining intensity of WM59+ platelets is similiar to that observed with peripheral blood platelets from normal human donors. Lymphocytes, monocytes, and granulocytes react less with WM59 than normal human leukocytes.
FITC, fluorescein isothiocyanate, is a fluorochrome with a molecular weight of 389 Da. FITC is sensitive to pH changes and photobleaching. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, FITC and Alexa Fluor® 488 cannot be used simultaneously. FITC is relatively dim and should be reserved for highly expressed markers whenever possible.
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated with FITC under optimum conditions, and unreacted FITC was removed.
- This reagent has been pre-diluted for use at the recommended Volume per Test. We typically use 1 × 10^6 cells in a 100-µl experimental sample (a test).
- An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- Species cross-reactivity detected in product development may not have been confirmed on every format and/or application.
- Please refer to http://regdocs.bd.com to access safety data sheets (SDS).
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
BD™ CompBeads can be used as surrogates to assess fluorescence spillover (Compensation). When fluorochrome conjugated antibodies are bound to CompBeads, they have spectral properties very similar to cells. However, for some fluorochromes there can be small differences in spectral emissions compared to cells, resulting in spillover values that differ when compared to biological controls. It is strongly recommended that when using a reagent for the first time, users compare the spillover on cell and CompBead to ensure that BD Comp beads are appropriate for your specific cellular application.