The ITEM-4 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to the TWEAK Receptor (TWEAK-R/TWEAKR), which is also known as CD266, or Fibroblast growth factor inducible 14 (FGF-inducible 14, FN14). The TWEAK Receptor is a ~14 kDa type I transmembrane protein that is the 12A family member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRSF12A). It is expressed at low levels in a variety of tissues including, heart, placenta, lung, muscle, and pancreas. TWEAK Receptors are relatively highly expressed on HUVEC cells and certain tumor cell lines. TWEAK-induced TWEAK Receptor-mediated signaling can play roles in inflammation, the induction of apoptosis in certain cell types, the proliferation and migration of endothelial cells, and can promote angiogenesis within healthy and diseased tissues, eg, tumors. The ITEM-4 antibody can induce the death of certain TWEAK-sensitive tumor target cell lines. The TWEAK Receptor binds TWEAK (CD255) and can signal intracellularly by interactions with TRAF1, 2, and 3 cytoplasmic proteins leading to NF-κB activation. The ITEM-4 antibody reportedly crossreacts strongly with mouse CD266 as demonstrated by flow cytometric analysis and functional assays.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.