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Green Nucleic Acid Stain

Green Nucleic Acid Stain

(RUO)
Green Nucleic Acid Stain
     Panel 1 - Flow cytometric analysis of HeLa cell viability. Cells from the human HeLa (Cervical adenocarcinoma, ATCC CCL 2) cell line were heat-killed by incubation at 60°C (45 min), cooled to room temperature, and mixed with an equal number of untreated viable HeLa cells. Cells were then stained with BD Via-Probe™ Green Nucleic Acid Stain (Cat. No. 565799/565802 ; 10 nM) and then acquired by flow cytometry. Morphologically live (red solid line histogram) and dead (blue dashed line histogram) HeLa cells were gated based on their distinct forward and side light-scattering characteristics and can be clearly distinguished based on staining intensity of BD Via-Probe™ Green. Flow cytometric analysis was performed using a BD LSRFortessa™ Cell Analyzer System.      Panel 2 - Two-color flow cytometric analysis of mouse thymocyte viability. BALB/c thymocytes were left untreated (Left Plot) or stimulated with Purified NA/LE Hamster Anti-Mouse CD95 antibody (Cat. No. 554254; Right Plot) for 4 hours. Cells were harvested, stained with BD Horizon™ BV421 Annexin V (Cat. No. 563973) and BD Via-Probe™ Green Nucleic Acid Stain (5 nM), and analyzed by flow cytometry. Anti-CD95-stimulated cells show an increase in Annexin V-positive and BD Via-Probe™ Green-positive cells, indicating an increase in apoptosis and cell death. Flow cytometric analysis was performed using a BD LSRFortessa™ X-20 Cell Analyzer System.
Green Nucleic Acid Stain

     Panel 1 - Flow cytometric analysis of HeLa cell DNA content. HeLa cells in log phase growth were harvested, fixed, and permeabilized using 70% ice-cold ethanol while vortexing. Cells were resuspended in DPBS with 1 μM BD Via-Probe™ Green Nucleic Acid Stain and 0.25 μg/mL RNAse A (Sigma, Cat. No. R6513) and acquired by flow cytometry at a low flow rate using a BD LSRFortessa™ Cell Analyzer System. DNA histograms were deconvoluted by FlowJo™ software into G0/G1, S, and G2/M populations. Please note that for DNA content analysis, this dye is also compatible with BD Pharmingen™ Transcription Factor Buffer Set (Cat. No. 562574/562725).

     Panel 2 - Immunofluorescent staining of HeLa cells. HeLa cells were seeded into a 96-well imaging plate at ~10,000 cells/well. After overnight incubation, the cells were fixed in BD Cytofix™ Fixation Buffer (Cat. No. 554655), permeabilized with BD Phosflow™ Perm Buffer III (Cat. No. 558050), and then stained with Alexa Fluor® 647 Mouse Anti-Actin antibody (Cat. No. 558624; pseudocolored red). Cell nuclei were counterstained with BD Via-Probe™ Green Nucleic Acid Stain (pseudocolored green) with 0.25 mg/mL RNAse A (Sigma Aldrich, Cat. No. R6513). The images were captured on a Molecular Devices ImageXpress® Micro XLS using a 20× objective and merged using Molecular Devices MetaXpress® software. Green Nucleic Acid Stain is also compatible with Saponin and Triton™ X-100 fix/perm protocols.

     Panel 1 - Flow cytometric analysis of HeLa cell viability. Cells from the human HeLa (Cervical adenocarcinoma, ATCC CCL 2) cell line were heat-killed by incubation at 60°C (45 min), cooled to room temperature, and mixed with an equal number of untreated viable HeLa cells. Cells were then stained with BD Via-Probe™ Green Nucleic Acid Stain (Cat. No. 565799/565802 ; 10 nM) and then acquired by flow cytometry. Morphologically live (red solid line histogram) and dead (blue dashed line histogram) HeLa cells were gated based on their distinct forward and side light-scattering characteristics and can be clearly distinguished based on staining intensity of BD Via-Probe™ Green. Flow cytometric analysis was performed using a BD LSRFortessa™ Cell Analyzer System.      Panel 2 - Two-color flow cytometric analysis of mouse thymocyte viability. BALB/c thymocytes were left untreated (Left Plot) or stimulated with Purified NA/LE Hamster Anti-Mouse CD95 antibody (Cat. No. 554254; Right Plot) for 4 hours. Cells were harvested, stained with BD Horizon™ BV421 Annexin V (Cat. No. 563973) and BD Via-Probe™ Green Nucleic Acid Stain (5 nM), and analyzed by flow cytometry. Anti-CD95-stimulated cells show an increase in Annexin V-positive and BD Via-Probe™ Green-positive cells, indicating an increase in apoptosis and cell death. Flow cytometric analysis was performed using a BD LSRFortessa™ X-20 Cell Analyzer System.

     Panel 1 - Flow cytometric analysis of HeLa cell DNA content. HeLa cells in log phase growth were harvested, fixed, and permeabilized using 70% ice-cold ethanol while vortexing. Cells were resuspended in DPBS with 1 μM BD Via-Probe™ Green Nucleic Acid Stain and 0.25 μg/mL RNAse A (Sigma, Cat. No. R6513) and acquired by flow cytometry at a low flow rate using a BD LSRFortessa™ Cell Analyzer System. DNA histograms were deconvoluted by FlowJo™ software into G0/G1, S, and G2/M populations. Please note that for DNA content analysis, this dye is also compatible with BD Pharmingen™ Transcription Factor Buffer Set (Cat. No. 562574/562725).

     Panel 2 - Immunofluorescent staining of HeLa cells. HeLa cells were seeded into a 96-well imaging plate at ~10,000 cells/well. After overnight incubation, the cells were fixed in BD Cytofix™ Fixation Buffer (Cat. No. 554655), permeabilized with BD Phosflow™ Perm Buffer III (Cat. No. 558050), and then stained with Alexa Fluor® 647 Mouse Anti-Actin antibody (Cat. No. 558624; pseudocolored red). Cell nuclei were counterstained with BD Via-Probe™ Green Nucleic Acid Stain (pseudocolored green) with 0.25 mg/mL RNAse A (Sigma Aldrich, Cat. No. R6513). The images were captured on a Molecular Devices ImageXpress® Micro XLS using a 20× objective and merged using Molecular Devices MetaXpress® software. Green Nucleic Acid Stain is also compatible with Saponin and Triton™ X-100 fix/perm protocols.

製品詳細
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BD Via-Probe™
Flow cytometry, Immunocytochemistry, Immunofluorescence, Intracellular staining (flow cytometry) (Tested During Development)
5 mM
RUO


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Please Note: This nucleic acid dye has been developed for the flow cytometry (intracellular) and immunofluorescence microscopy applications.  Chemically characterized for consistency, researchers should determine the optimal concentration of this reagent for individual applications.

Staining of Live Cells for Viability Analysis by Flow Cytometry

1.        Obtain a single cell suspension.

2.        Resuspend cells at 1-2 × 10^6 cells/mL in BD Pharmingen™ Stain Buffer (FBS) (Cat. No. 554656) or 1× DPBS containing 5-20 nM BD Via-Probe™ Green.

a.        The optimal concentration of BD Via-Probe™ Green for viability analysis may vary by cell type. Using high concentrations may result in the dye entering viable cells. Therefore, we recommend titrating the reagent for your cell type of interest in preliminary experiments.

b.        Additionally, apoptotic cells may stain with variable amounts of probe. We recommend co-staining with a probe for apoptotic cells, eg, BD Horizon™ BV421 Annexin V (Cat. No. 563973), if further analysis of apoptotic cells is desired.

3.        Incubate the cells and dye for 5 minutes at room temperature protected from light. No further cell washes are necessary prior to analysis.

4.        Proceed to analysis by flow cytometry.

Staining of Fixed Cells for DNA Content Analysis by Flow Cytometry

1.        Obtain a single cell suspension.

2.        Treat cells on ice for 30 minutes with 70 - 80% ice-cold ethanol.

a.        Ethanol fixation typically provides the most resolved DNA histograms. However, this reagent has also been successfully used for DNA content analysis with the BD Pharmingen™ Transcription Factor Buffer Set (Cat. No. 562574/562725) protocol.

3.        Wash cells once with BD Pharmingen™ Stain Buffer (FBS).

4.        Resuspend cells at 1-2 × 10^6 cells/mL in 0.1-1 μM BD Via-Probe™ Green in the presence of 0.1-0.5 mg/mL DNAse-free RNAse (eg, Sigma Aldrich, Cat. No. D6513) diluted in BD Pharmingen™ Stain Buffer (FBS) or 1× DPBS immediately before use.

a.        The optimal cell density and concentration of BD Via-Probe™ Green for DNA content analysis may vary by cell type. Assay conditions should be optimized in preliminary experiments for best results.

5.        Incubate cells for 5-15 minutes. No further cell washes are necessary prior to analysis.

6.        Proceed to analysis by flow cytometry. Samples should be run at a low flow rate to achieve the best results. High flow rates may result in higher % CV for each cell cycle compartment in the DNA histogram.

Immunofluorescent Staining of Fixed Cells for Nuclear Visualization

1.        Fix and permeabilize cells as desired.

2.        Dilute BD Via-Probe™ Green solution to 0.1-1 μM in 1× DPBS with 0.1-0.5 mg/mL DNase-free RNase (eg, Sigma Aldrich, Cat. No. D6513) immediately prior to use.

3.        Add BD Via-Probe™ Green solution to each sample at least 15 minutes before analysis.

4.        Proceed to fluorescence microscopy and image analysis.

Product Notices

  1. Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
  2. Triton is a trademark of the Dow Chemical Company.
  3. FlowJo is a trademark of Tree Star Inc.
  4. Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR.
565799 Rev. 1
抗体の詳細
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BD Via-Probe™ Green Nucleic Acid Stain is a nucleic acid dye that is useful for the discrimination of viable from nonviable cells, DNA content analysis in fixed cells, or nuclear counterstaining for fixed cells in immunofluorescence or flow cytometry applications. Although this dye is impermeant to viable cells with intact plasma membranes, it brightly stains nonviable or fixed cells with permeable membranes. BD Via-Probe™ Green Nucleic Acid Stain has an excitation maximum of 503 nm, and is best excited by the blue laser. BD Via-Probe™ Green Nucleic Acid Stain has an emission maximum of 526 nm.

565799 Rev. 1
引用&参考文献
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Development References (4)

  1. Darzynkiewicz Z, Bruno S, Del Bino G, et al. Features of apoptotic cells measured by flow cytometry. Cytometry. 1992; 13(8):795-808. (Methodology: Immunocytochemistry). View Reference
  2. Darzynkiewicz Z, Halicka HD, Zhao H. Analysis of cellular DNA content by flow and laser scanning cytometry.. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2010; 676:137-47. (Methodology). View Reference
  3. Hotz MA, Gong J, Traganos F, and Darzynkiewicz Z. Flow cytometric detection of apoptosis: Comparison of the assays of in situ DNA degradation and chromatin changes. Cytometry. 1994; 15(3):237-244. (Methodology). View Reference
  4. Schimenti KJ, Jacobberger JW. Fixation of mammalian cells for flow cytometric evaluation of DNA content and nuclear immunofluorescence.. Cytometry. 1992; 13(1):48-59. (Methodology). View Reference
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565799 Rev. 1

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