Immunophenotyping of Human Dendritic Cell Population
March 03, 2022
Dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in innate and acquired immunity. They are the antigen-presenting cells that prime naive T cells and elicit memory T cell responses to foreign antigens. DC subsets can be classified into three types: plasmacytoid DC (pDC), myeloid/conventional DC1 (cDC1) and myeloid/conventional DC2 (cDC2).
Here, we feature a BD Biosciences application note that describes a multicolor flow cytometry panel featuring 20 fluorochrome-labeled antibodies, including BD Horizon™ Brilliant reagents, used to evaluate the various DC subsets in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) taken from healthy human subjects..
The study was performed on a BD FACSymphony™ A3 Cell Analyzer. The five lasers of the instrument allowed the fluorochromes to be spread out, enabling the distinction of not only the classical and pDC but also unique ones, like the Axl+ Siglec6+ DC (AS DC).
In the study, DC subsets were gated on lineage negative (LIN-) HLA-DR+CD14- cells and further subtyped based on the known phenotypes and co-expressed markers. The cDC1 subset was identified with the CD141+CD16- phenotype, co-expressing Clec9A and CD26. The cDC2 subset was derived from the CD16- CD141- population, co-expressing CD1c, CD11c, CD36 and CD172a/b. The AS DC subset was also gated from CD16⁻CD141⁻ cells but defined based on co-expression of Axl and Siglec6, the pDC population was gated from the CD16⁻CD141⁻ Axl⁻ Siglec6⁻ subset and identified by co-expression of CD123 and CD303.
The study demonstrates the versatility of the BD FACSymphony™ A3 Cell Analyzer in performing a flow cytometry experiment with a 20 fluorochrome multiparametric panel to analyze major human DC subsets. As shown in the application note, the panel is suitable for both conventional and unsupervised analysis of human DCs.
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