The 16-10A1 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD80 (B7-1). This member of the Ig superfamily, like CD86 (B7-2), can bind to either CD28 or CD152 (CTLA-4) and provide either costimulatory or coinhibitory signals to T cells, respectively. CD80 is constitutively expressed on dendritic cells, monocytes, and peritoneal macrophages as well as by activated B cells and T cells. The 16-10A1 antibody blocks binding of CTLA-4 Ig to CD80 as well as T-cell activation by Con A-elicited peritoneal exudate cells or CD80-transfected cell lines. However, the 16-10A1 antibody alone is not able to block T-cell activation by antigen-presenting cells. The 16-10A1 antibody may reportedly block the binding of another CD80-specific antibody, clone 1G10. In addition, the 16-10A1 antibody may crossreact with an activation antigen expressed on IFN-γ-activated alveolar macrophages of the dog.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.
NOTE: The BD Rhapsody Single-Cell Analysis System must be used with the BD Rhapsody Express Instrument.