Alexa Fluor® 647 Mouse anti-Rb (pS780)
Clone J146-35 (RUO)
- Brand BD Phosflow™
- Vol. Per Test 20 µl
- Isotype Mouse BALB/c IgG1, κ
- Reactivity Human (QC Testing) Mouse, Rat (Predicted)
Intracellular staining (flow cytometry) (Routinely Tested)
- Immunogen Phosphorylated Human Rb
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The retinoblastoma gene product (Rb) is well known as a tumor suppressor and is either absent or mutated in many human tumors. Retrovirus-mediated gene transfer of the wild-type Rb gene into several Rb mutant neoplastic cell lines suppresses their tumorgenicity. Rb is a 110-kDa nuclear phosphoprotein that undergoes differential phosphorylation during the cell cycle. During G1 phase, Rb is predominantly in a hypophosphorylated state. It becomes increasingly phosphorylated throughout the cell cycle until late mitosis, when substantial dephosphorylation occurs. Hypophosphorylated Rb interacts with a number of cellular proteins including the E2F transcription factor, several cyclins, RBP-1, RBP-2, c-Abl, c-myc, N-myc, and p46. Phosphorylation of Rb at various sites, by Cyclin-dependent protein kinases, inhibits the binding of Rb to these proteins. Rb is thought to mediate its effects, in part, via the repression of genes required for proliferation. For example, Rb is specifically recruited to promoters containing E2F sites and actively represses E2F mediated transcription. Rb also stimulates the activity of other transcription factors, although the mechanisms are less clearly defined. Thus, Rb appears to regulate transcription in its aim to control cell growth.
The J146-35 monoclonal antibody recognizes Rb phosphorylated at serine 780 (pS780), which affects Rb binding to E2F. The orthologous phosphorylation sites in mouse and rat Rb are serines 773 and 751, respectively.
Alexa Fluor® 647 conjugates are highly photostable and remain fluorescent over a broad pH range. The excitation and emission maxima are nearly identical to those of APC. However, APC tends to be brighter while Alexa Fluor® 647 is more optimal for intracellular applications. This fluorochrome exhibits uncommon photostability, making it an ideal choice for use in fluorescence microscopy. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, APC and Alexa Fluor® 647 cannot be used simultaneously.
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated to Alexa Fluor® 647 under optimum conditions, and unreacted Alexa Fluor® 647 was removed.
- This reagent has been pre-diluted for use at the recommended Volume per Test. We typically use 1 × 10^6 cells in a 100-µl experimental sample (a test).
- Alexa Fluor® 647 fluorochrome emission is collected at the same instrument settings as for allophycocyanin (APC).
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- The Alexa Fluor®, Pacific Blue™, and Cascade Blue® dye antibody conjugates in this product are sold under license from Molecular Probes, Inc. for research use only, excluding use in combination with microarrays, or as analyte specific reagents. The Alexa Fluor® dyes (except for Alexa Fluor® 430), Pacific Blue™ dye, and Cascade Blue® dye are covered by pending and issued patents.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
- Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.