The R1-2 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to α4 chain (CD49d), which is expressed as a heterdimer with either of two β, β1 or β7 (also known as βp). The α4β1 integrin (VLA-4, CD49d/CD29) is expressed on most peripheral lymphocytes, thymocytes, and monocytes; while the α4β7 integrin (LPAM-1) is expressed on peripheral lymphocytes, but on only a small subset of thymocytes. These integrins mediate a variety of cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, recognizing the ligands VCAM-1 (CD106) and fibronectin. There is evidence that levels of VLA-4 expression regulate the transendothelial migration of T lymphocytes into inflamed tissues. Integrin α4β7 also preferentially binds to the mucosal vascular addressin, MAdCAM-1. The R1-2 antibody blocks some α4 integrin-mediated binding functions. In combination with mAb 9C10 (MFR4.B) (Cat. No. 553313), binding of VLA-4 expressing cells to VCAM-1 can be almost completely inhibited.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.
NOTE: The BD Rhapsody Single-Cell Analysis System must be used with the BD Rhapsody Express Instrument.