The B4B6 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD172b, which is also known as Signal regulatory protein β (SIRPβ), or SIRP-beta-1 (SIRPB1/SIRPβ1). CD172b is a 50 kDa, type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the SIRP family within the Ig gene superfamily. CD172b has a transmembrane domain that contains a positively-charged lysine residue. This allows CD172b to interact with a transmembrane signaling adaptor protein, DAP12/KARAP, and transduce stimulatory signals into cells. CD172b is expressed on monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, and granulocytes. It is not expressed on CD34+ cells. CD172b/SIRPβ and its counterpart, CD172a/SIRPα, appear to have complementary roles in signal regulation and may work together in tuning cellular responses to certain ligands. This clone has been reported not to cross-react with CD172a.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.