The DX12 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to human CD161 which is also known as Natural killer cell surface protein P1A (NKR-P1A). CD161 is encoded by the KLRB1 (Killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily B member 1) gene. CD161 is a member of the C-type lectin superfamily and is also referred to as C-type lectin domain family 5 member B (CLEC5B). CD161 is a 80 kDa disulfide-linked homodimer, type II membrane glycoprotein. CD161 is expressed mostly on NK cell populations and on subsets of CD4+ and CD8+ αβ T cells, NKT cells and γδ T cells. Reports indicate that CD161 is expressed preferentially on CD45RO+ T cells, however, it can be found on a subset of thymocytes and fetal liver T cells. Its function has not been fully elucidated, but reports indicate that NKR-P1A may serve as a specific receptor for some NK cell targets. The DX12 antibody can reportedly inhibit spontaneous cytotoxicity mediated by certain NK cell clones.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BB700, which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Blue family of dyes. It is a polymer-based tandem dye developed exclusively by BD Biosciences. With an excitation max of 485 nm and an emission max of 693 nm, BD Horizon BB700 can be excited by the 488 nm laser and detected in a standard PerCP-Cy™5.5 set (eg, 695/40-nm filter). This dye provides a much brighter alternative to PerCP-Cy5.5 with less cross laser excitation off the 405 nm and 355 nm lasers.