The 1-155-2 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes human immunoglobulin lambda light chains (Igλ). Immunoglobulins are expressed on the surface of B lymphocytes and plasma cells, and they also circulate in the serum. The two light chains in an immunoglobulin are of the same type, either kappa (Igκ) or Igλ. Immunoglobulins bearing Igλ are expressed on a minority of normal B lymphocytes and on neoplastic cells of some leukemias, lymphomas, and plasmacytomas. In serum, the 1-155-2 antibody binds to immunoglobulins bearing Igλ as well as free Igλ. It does not bind to Igκ or immunoglobulin heavy chains.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.