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PE-Cy™7 Rat anti-Mouse CD357 (GITR)
PE-Cy™7 Rat anti-Mouse CD357 (GITR)

Flow cytometric analysis of CD357 (GITR) expression on mouse CD4-positive splenocytes. C57BL/6 splenocytes were stained with APC Rat anti-Mouse CD25 (Cat. No. 557192), FITC Rat anti-Mouse CD4 (Cat. No. 553046/553047), and either PE-Cy™7 Rat IgG2b Isotype Control (Cat. No. 552849; open histograms) or PE-Cy™7 Rat anti-Mouse CD357 (GITR) (Cat. No. 558139; shaded histograms).  Viable leukocytes were selected by exclusion of propidium iodide (Cat. No. 556463).  The left panel represents the expression of CD357 (GITR) by CD25-positive/CD4-positive T lymphocytes (Treg cells), and the right  panel shows CD25-negative/CD4-positive T lymphocytes.  Flow cytometry was performed on a BD FACSCalibur™ flow cytometry system.

Flow cytometric analysis of CD357 (GITR) expression on mouse CD4-positive splenocytes. C57BL/6 splenocytes were stained with APC Rat anti-Mouse CD25 (Cat. No. 557192), FITC Rat anti-Mouse CD4 (Cat. No. 553046/553047), and either PE-Cy™7 Rat IgG2b Isotype Control (Cat. No. 552849; open histograms) or PE-Cy™7 Rat anti-Mouse CD357 (GITR) (Cat. No. 558139; shaded histograms).  Viable leukocytes were selected by exclusion of propidium iodide (Cat. No. 556463).  The left panel represents the expression of CD357 (GITR) by CD25-positive/CD4-positive T lymphocytes (Treg cells), and the right  panel shows CD25-negative/CD4-positive T lymphocytes.  Flow cytometry was performed on a BD FACSCalibur™ flow cytometry system.

Product Details
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BD Pharmingen™
GITR; Gitr; glucocorticoid-induced TNFR-related protein; Tnfrsf18; AITR
Mouse (QC Testing)
Rat IgG2b
Mouse CD25+ CD4+ T Cell Line
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
0.2 mg/ml
21936
AB_647252
Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
RUO


Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated with PE-Cy7 under optimum conditions, and unconjugated antibody and free PE-Cy7 were removed.

Recommended Assay Procedures

BD™ CompBeads can be used as surrogates to assess fluorescence spillover (Compensation).  When fluorochrome conjugated antibodies are bound to CompBeads, they have spectral properties very similar to cells.   However, for some fluorochromes there can be small differences in spectral emissions compared to cells, resulting in spillover values that differ when compared to biological controls.  It is strongly recommended that when using a reagent for the first time, users compare the spillover on cell and CompBead to ensure that BD Comp beads are appropriate for your specific cellular application.

Product Notices

  1. Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
  2. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  3. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  4. For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
  5. PE-Cy7 is a tandem fluorochrome composed of R-phycoerythrin (PE), which is excited by 488-nm light and serves as an energy donor, coupled to the cyanine dye Cy7, which acts as an energy acceptor and fluoresces maximally at 780 nm. PE-Cy7 tandem fluorochrome emission is collected in a detector for fluorescence wavelengths of 750 nm and higher. Although every effort is made to minimize the lot-to-lot variation in the efficiency of the fluorochrome energy transfer, differences in the residual emission from PE may be observed. Therefore, we recommend that individual compensation controls be performed for every PE-Cy7 conjugate. PE-Cy7 is optimized for use with a single argon ion laser emitting 488-nm light, and there is no significant overlap between PE-Cy7 and FITC emission spectra. When using dual-laser cytometers, which may directly excite both PE and Cy7, we recommend the use of cross-beam compensation during data acquisition or software compensation during data analysis.
  6. Please observe the following precautions: Absorption of visible light can significantly alter the energy transfer occurring in any tandem fluorochrome conjugate; therefore, we recommend that special precautions be taken (such as wrapping vials, tubes, or racks in aluminum foil) to prevent exposure of conjugated reagents, including cells stained with those reagents, to room illumination.
  7. Warning: Some APC-Cy7 and PE-Cy7 conjugates show changes in their emission spectrum with prolonged exposure to formaldehyde. If you are unable to analyze fixed samples within four hours, we recommend that you use BD™ Stabilizing Fixative (Cat. No. 338036).
  8. Cy is a trademark of GE Healthcare.
  9. Please refer to http://regdocs.bd.com to access safety data sheets (SDS).
  10. Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
558140 Rev. 2
Antibody Details
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DTA-1

The DTA-1 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to GITR [Glucocorticoid-induced Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family-Related], a 66-70-kDa homodimer glycoprotein that is a member of the TNF receptor superfamily and is also known as TNFRSF18 and CD357. As its name implies, GITR expression was first detected in T lymphocytes that had been treated with dexamethasone, a glucocorticoid. In normal naive mice, GITR is expressed at moderate levels on CD25-positive/CD4-positive/CD8a-negative thymocytes and on CD25-positive/CD4-positive/CD45RB-low splenocytes. It is also expressed at low levels on splenic CD25-negative/CD4-positive/CD45RB-low T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. Activation of T and B lymphocytes upregulates GITR expression. GITR is a costimulatory receptor that plays an important role in Regulatory T (Treg)-cell functions, and a GITR Ligand has been detected on B lymphocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. mAb DTA-1 abrogates suppression by Treg cells without affecting their proliferative response, while it is co-stimulatory for T lymphocytes that are not Treg cells.

558140 Rev. 2
Format Details
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PE-Cy7
PE-Cy7 dye is a part of the BD PE family of dyes. This tandem fluorochrome is comprised of a R-Phycoerythrin (PE) donor that has excitation maxima (Ex Max) of 496-nm and 566-nm and an acceptor dye, Cy™7, with an emission maximum (Em Max) at 781-nm. PE can be excited by the Blue (488-nm), Green (532-nm) and yellow-green (561-nm) lasers and detected using an optical filter centered near 781 nm (e.g., a 760/60-nm bandpass filter). The donor dye can be excited by the Blue (488-nm), Green (532-nm) and yellow-green (561-nm) lasers and the acceptor dye can be excited by the Red (627–640-nm) laser resulting in cross-laser excitation and fluorescence spillover. Please ensure that your instrument’s configurations (lasers and optical filters) are appropriate for this dye.
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PE-Cy7
Yellow-Green 488 nm, 532 nm, 561 nm
496 nm, 566 nm
781 nm
558140 Rev.2
Citations & References
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Development References (9)

  1. Beilharz MW, Sammels LM, Paun A, et al. Timed ablation of regulatory CD4-positive T cells can prevent murine AIDS progression. J Immunol. 2004; 172:4917-4925. (Clone-specific). View Reference
  2. Dittmer U, He H, Messer RJ, et al. Functional impairment of CD8-positive T cells by regulatory T cells during persistent retroviral infection. Immunity. 2004; 20:293-303. (Clone-specific). View Reference
  3. Ji H, Liao G, Faubion WA, et al. The natural ligand for glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor-related protein abrogates regulatory T cell suppression. J Immunol. 2004; 172:5823-5827. (Biology). View Reference
  4. Kohm AP, Williams JS, Miller SD. Ligation of the glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor enhances autoreactive CD4-positive T cell activation and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. J Immunol. 2004; 172:4686-4690. (Clone-specific). View Reference
  5. Nocentini G, Giunchi L, Ronchetti S, et al. A new member of the tumor necrosis factor/nerve growth factor receptor family inhibits T cell receptor-induced apoptosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997; 94:6216-6221. (Biology). View Reference
  6. Shimizu J, Moriizumi E. CD4-positive CD25-negative T cells in aged mice are hyporesponsive and exihibit suppressive activity. J Immunol. 2003; 170:1675-1682. (Clone-specific). View Reference
  7. Shimizu J, Yamazaki S, Takahashi T, Ishida Y, Sakaguchi S. Stimulation of CD25-positive CD4-positive regulatory T cells through GITR breaks immunological self-tolerance. Nat Immunol. 2002; 3(2):135-142. (Immunogen: Activation, Blocking, Calcium Flux). View Reference
  8. Tone M, Tone Y, Adams E, et al. Mouse glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor ligand is costimulatory for T cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003; 100(25):15059-15064. (Biology). View Reference
  9. Uraushihara K, Kanai T, Ko K, et al. Regulation of murine inflammatory bowel disease by CD25-positive and CD25negative CD4-positive glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor family-related gene-positive regulatory T cells. J Immunol. 2003; 171:708-716. (Clone-specific). View Reference
View All (9) View Less
558140 Rev. 2

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For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.