The W5C5 monoclonal antibody specifically reacts with SUSD2 (sushi domain containing 2), which is expressed on mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and on some cancers and neoplastic cell lines. It is not detected on hematopoietic cells of the peripheral blood and bone marrow. SUSD2 is a type I transmembrane protein that may interact with galectin-1 and the potential cytokine C10orf99, through which it may affect cell growth and immune responsiveness. It has a large extracellular region that contains a sushi domain (a conserved sequence that is often associated with proteins of the complement system). SUSD2 is a marker that is useful for identifying and isolating MSC from bone marrow and endometrial tissue, and those MSC may be induced to differentiate into a wide variety of cell types. Varying levels of SUSD2 expression may correlate with either suppression or enhancement of the growth of different types of neoplastic cells, presumably via a variety of direct and indirect mechanisms.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.