The OX-40 antibody reacts with the 50-kDa OX-40 Antigen (CD134), also known as OX-40 Receptor, on CD4+ T lymphocytes activated in vitro and in vivo. The antigen is a member of the NGFR/TNFR superfamily, which includes low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor, TNF receptors, the Fas antigen, CD137 (4-1BB), CD27, CD30, and CD40. CD134 supplies costimulatory signals for T-cell proliferation and effector functions. While OX-40 mAb is not mitogenic, it does augment some in vitro T-cell responses. It is also reported to block binding of OX-40 Ligand to OX-40 Antigen.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV661 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 661-nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV661 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 670/25 filter and a 630 nm LP. Due to cross laser excitation of this dye, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting APC-like emissions (eg, 670/25-nm filter).
Due to spectral differences between labeled cells and beads, using BD™ CompBeads can result in incorrect spillover values when used with BD Horizon BUV661 reagents. Therefore, the use of BD CompBeads or BD CompBeads Plus to determine spillover values for these reagents is not recommended. Different BUV661 reagents (eg, CD4 vs. CD45) can have slightly different fluorescence spillover therefore, it may also be necessary to use clone-specific compensation controls when using these reagents.