The G8.8 monoclonal antibody recognizes CD326/Ep-CAM (Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule), also known as gp40 in the mouse and by a variety of names (including GA733-2, CO17-1A, and EGP) in the human. In the mouse, Ep-CAM is a 40-42 kDa cell-surface type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on thymic epithelial cells, thymic dendritic cells, immature thymocytes, a small subset of peripheral T lymphocytes, intestinal epithelium, kidney-collecting tubule epithelium, keratinocytes, Langerhans cells and lymph node and splenic dendritic cells. Profiles of Ep-CAM expression on fetal thymocytes and on the CD4[-] CD8[-], CD4[+] CD8[+], CD4[-] CD8[+], and CD4[+] CD8[-] subsets of adult thymocytes have been published. In unrelated studies, mouse Ep-CAM mRNA was detected in tissues containing epithelial cells (kidney, stomach, intestine, lung, and thymus) and in plasma cells and plasmacytomas, but not in heart, muscle, liver, brain, spleen, B lymphomas, or pre-B lymphomas. Ep-CAM is a Ca[2+] independent homophilic adhesion molecule that is proposed to play roles in the development and normal function of epithelial tissues and in the progression of carcinomas.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV786 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 786-nm. BD Horizon BV786 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect Cy™7-like dyes (eg, 780/60-nm filter).