The B3B4 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD23, the low affinity IgE Fc receptor (FcεRII) expressed on mature resting conventional B lymphocytes, but not on B-1 cells (CD5+ B cells) or T lymphocytes. It does not react with high-affinity IgE receptors, as demonstrated on mouse mast cell lines. The regulation of CD23 surface expression on activated B cells appears to be complex, depending upon the mode of activation and the presence of cytokines. IgE synthesis is negatively regulated by CD23, and CD23 expression is upregulated on splenocytes in the presence of IgE. CD23 is also upregulated on follicular dendritic cells in the lymph nodes of immunized mice, and a subset of splenic dendritic cells expresses CD23. The B3B4 antibody abrogates antigen-specific IgE-dependent modulation of immune responses in normal mice. This monoclonal antibody also blocks IgE binding and eosinophil infiltration in the lung of immunized mice. Different in vivo results have been obtained when using the intact B3B4 antibody or the F(ab')2 fragments. B3B4 mAb does not cross-react with rat or human IgE Fc Receptor.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.