The 14.8 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes an exon A-dependent epitope of the CD45 protein, which is found at high density on B cells and at low density on peripheral T cytotoxic/suppressor cells and a very small subset of thymocytes. Nearly all B-lineage cells, including B-cell precursors in fetal liver and adult bone marrow and Ig-secreting cells, but not hematopoietic stem cells or myeloid progenitors, have been reported to be detectable by mAb 14.8. CD45 is a member of the Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase (PTP) family: Its intracellular (COOH-terminal) region contains two PTP catalytic domains, and the extracellular region is highly variable due to alternative splicing of exons 4, 5, and 6 (designated A, B, and C, respectively), plus, differing levels of glycosylation. The CD45 isoforms detected in the mouse are cell type-, maturation-, and activation state-specific. The CD45 isoforms play complex roles in T-cell and B-cell antigen receptor signal transduction. mAb 14.8 has been reported to enhance the proliferative effect of PHA on purified spleen T cells, possibly by replacing a signal normally delivered by accessory cells, to enhance isotype switching during in vitro B-cell responses, and to inhibit antigen-induced p21 [ras] activation.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.
NOTE: The BD Rhapsody Single-Cell Analysis System must be used with the BD Rhapsody Express Instrument.