The B3B4 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD23, the low affinity IgE Fc receptor (FcεRII) expressed on mature resting conventional B lymphocytes, but not on B-1 cells (CD5+ B cells) or T lymphocytes. It does not react with high-affinity IgE receptors, as demonstrated on mouse mast cell lines. The regulation of CD23 surface expression on activated B cells appears to be complex, depending upon the mode of activation and the presence of cytokines. IgE synthesis is negatively regulated by CD23, and CD23 expression is upregulated on splenocytes in the presence of IgE. CD23 is also upregulated on follicular dendritic cells in the lymph nodes of immunized mice, and a subset of splenic dendritic cells expresses CD23. The B3B4 antibody abrogates antigen-specific IgE-dependent modulation of immune responses in normal mice. This monoclonal antibody also blocks IgE binding and eosinophil infiltration in the lung of immunized mice. Different in vivo results have been obtained when using the intact B3B4 antibody or the F(ab')2 fragments. B3B4 mAb does not cross-react with rat or human IgE Fc Receptor.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.
NOTE: The BD Rhapsody Single-Cell Analysis System must be used with the BD Rhapsody Express Instrument.