The IP26 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes a monomorphic determinant on the αβ T-cell receptor (TCRαβ). The TCRαβ is a disulfide-linked 80 kDa heterodimer consisting of a 44 kDa α chain and a 37 kDa β chain. The TCRαβ is normally expressed on 50-70% of thymocytes and on a large fraction of mature T cells including greater than 95% of peripheral blood CD3+ T cells. The TCRαβ serves as a receptor for peptide antigens bound to MHC molecules. The IP26 antibody is mitogenic and useful for the flow cytometric analysis of TCRαβ+ T-cell subsets.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system or other oligo-dT-based capture systems. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.