CD21 is a 145 kDa transmembrane glycoprotein that is expressed on mature B cells, follicular dendritic cells, a subset of immature thymocytes and on some epithelial cells. CD21 is also known as the C3d Receptor, Complement Receptor 2 (CR2), and the Epstein-Barr Virus receptor, (EBV-R). CD21 is part of a large signal-transduction complex that also includes CD19, CD81 and Leu13. CR2 serves as a receptor for the activation fragments of complement component C3, i.e. C3d, iC3d, and C3dg and C3d-bound antigens and plays a central role in the immune response by amplifying B-cell activation and proliferation. CR2 is also the receptor for EBV by binding its surface glycoprotein gp350/220. Anti-human CR2 hybridomas were generated from Cr2-/-mice (lacking the cr2 gene, that encodes CR2 and CR1 in mice) immunized with the recombinant protein representing the first two amino-terminal short consensus repeats (SRC) of human CR2, SCR1-2. Both the C3d and EBV binding sites of hu CR2 were localized to these sites. Clone 1048 has been reported to specifically react with CR2-expressing cells and to inhibit CR2 interactions with C3 fragments or the EBV surface protein, gp350/220.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.
NOTE: The BD Rhapsody Single-Cell Analysis System must be used with the BD Rhapsody Express Instrument.