The NOK-1 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD178. Fas (CD95; APO-1) is a 45 kDa cell surface protein that mediates apoptosis when cross-linked with agonistic anti-Fas antibodies or by Fas ligand (FasL; CD178). Fas belongs to the TNF (Tumor Necrosis Factor)/NGF (Nerve Growth Factor) receptor family, and is expressed in various tissues and cells including the thymus, liver, ovary and lung. CD178 (FasL), a member of the TNF cytokine family, induces apoptosis by binding to Fas, its cell-surface receptor. FasL may exist as either membrane bound or soluble forms and is expressed by activated T and NK cells. FasL may also be constitutively expressed in some immunologically privileged sites, e.g., eye and testis. Fas and FasL play an important role in the induction of apoptosis, and thus regulate a variety of immunological responses.
The NOK-1 antibody clone has been reported to recognize human FasL, recognizing both the membrane bound (FasL) and soluble (sFasL) forms. It is reported that the epitope for NOK-1 has been mapped to the COOH-terminus of FasL, at the region implicated in Fas binding. FasL and sFasL have been reported to migrate at reduced molecular weights of 40 and 26 kDa, respectively. However, the molecular weights observed in a particular sample may vary according to FasL and sFasL glycosylation and breakdown patterns as described in the literature. The NOK-1 antibody clone is not recommended for the Western blot application.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system or other oligo-dT-based capture systems. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.