The 1A4 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD141. CD141 is a 75 kDa, single chain, type I membrane glycoprotein referred to as thrombomodulin and fetomodulin. CD141 is expressed on endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, epithelial cells, synovial lining cells, and keratinocytes. It is also found on megakaryocytes, dendritic cells, peripheral blood monocytes, and neutrophils, but not on lymphocytes. Reports indicate that CD141 plays an important role in Protein C activation and the initiation of the Protein C anticoagulant pathway. Thrombin loses its procoagulant function when it binds to CD141, and the CD141/thrombin complex is able to activate Protein C.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system or other oligo-dT-based capture systems. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.