The hIL4R-M57 antibody specifically binds to the α subunit (IL-4Rα) of the human Interleukin-4 Receptor complex which is also known as CD124. The human IL-4Rα, also known as B cell stimulatory factor 1 receptor (BSF-1 receptor), is a 140 kDa transmembrane glycoprotein that is expressed by B and T lymphocytes and a variety of other hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells and cell lines. The cell surface IL-4Rα chain binds IL-4 with high affinity and associates with either the common γ chain (IL-4Rα/γc; aka, type I IL-4R complex) or the IL-13 receptor alpha-1 subunit (IL-4Rα/IL-13Rα1; aka, type II IL-4R complex) to form two distinct types of signal-transducing IL-4R complexes. The type I IL-4 receptor complex specifically binds IL-4 whereas the type II IL-4R complex binds and transduces signals from either IL-4 or IL-13. A truncated form of the IL-4Rα exists in soluble form in biological fluids. In contrast to mice, in humans no distinct mRNA coding for sIL-4R has been described, suggested that human sIL4-R is exclusively produced by proteolytic cleavage of the cell surface receptor. The serum levels of soluble IL-4Rα appear to elevate in pathological situations such as allergy and parasitic infections. Depending on the ratios of IL-4 and sIL-4Rα present in the local milieu, the sIL-4Rα may augment or antagonize the activities of IL-4. The immunogen used to generate the hIL4R-M57 hybridoma was soluble human IL-4R.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system or other oligo-dT-based capture systems. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.