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R718 Mouse Anti-Human KIR2DL1/S1/S3/S5 (CD158)
Product Details
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BD OptiBuild™
KIR2DL1 (CD158a/NKAT-1); KIR2DS1 (CD158h); KIR2DS3 (NKAT-7); KIR2DS5 (CD158g/NKAT-9)
Human (Tested in Development)
Mouse BALB/c IgG2b, κ
Human NK Clone LB2
Flow cytometry (Qualified)
0.2 mg/ml
Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.

Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated to the dye under optimum conditions that minimize unconjugated dye and antibody.

Recommended Assay Procedures

BD™ CompBeads can be used as surrogates to assess fluorescence spillover (Compensation). When fluorochrome conjugated antibodies are bound to BD CompBeads, they have spectral properties very similar to cells. However, for some fluorochromes there can be small differences in spectral emissions compared to cells, resulting in spillover values that differ when compared to biological controls. It is strongly recommended that when using a reagent for the first time, users compare the spillover on cells and BD CompBead to ensure that BD CompBeads are appropriate for your specific cellular application.

Product Notices

  1. Researchers should determine the optimal concentration of this reagent for their individual applications.
  2. The production process underwent stringent testing and validation to assure that it generates a high-quality conjugate with consistent performance and specific binding activity. However, verification testing has not been performed on all conjugate lots.
  3. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  4. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  5. Alexa Fluor™ is a trademark of Life Technologies Corporation.
  6. Please refer to to access safety data sheets (SDS).
  7. Please refer to for technical protocols.
  8. This product is provided under an Agreement between BIOTIUM and BD Biosciences. This product, and only in the amount purchased by buyer, may be used solely for buyer’s own internal research, in a manner consistent with the accompanying product literature. No other right to use, sell or otherwise transfer (a) this product, or (b) its components is hereby granted expressly, by implication or by estoppel. This product is for research use only. Diagnostic uses require a separate license from Biotium, Inc. For information on purchasing a license to this product including for purposes other than research, contact Biotium, Inc., 3159 Corporate Place, Hayward, CA 94545, Tel: (510) 265-1027. Fax: (510) 265-1352. Email:
752518 Rev. 1
Antibody Details
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The HP-MA4 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes several Killer Cell Immunoglobulin-like Receptors (KIRs) which are also known as CD158 molecules. HP-MA4 recognizes Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DL1 (encoded by KIR2DL1; aka, CD158a and NKAT-1), Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DS1 (KIR2DS1; CD158h), Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DS3 (KIR2DS3; NKAT-7), and Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DS5 (KIR2DS5; CD158g, NKAT-9) which are collectively known as KIR2DL1/S1/S3/S5 (CD158). These type I transmembrane glycoproteins are encoded by polymorphic genes and have 2 extracellular Ig-like domains (KIR2D, domains D1 and D2) followed by a transmembrane region and either long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domains. Various CD158 molecules are differentially expressed by CD56dim natural killer (NK) cells and some T cells and can regulate their cytotoxic effector functions. Although different KIR gene content varies amongst haplotypes for individuals, certain "framework" genes including KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, and KIR3DL2, are found in all haplotypes. KIR2DL1 has a long cytoplasmic domain with two tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIM) that enables inhibitory signal transduction by ligand-bound KIR2DL1 leading to reduced cytotoxic effector cell activity. KIR2DS1, KIR2DS3, KIR2DS5 (KIR2DS1/S3/S5) proteins each have a short cytoplasmic tail with a positively charged amino acid in their transmembrane region which allows association with the DAP12 transmembrane protein. DAP12 acts as an activating signal transduction element through its immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) in its cytoplasmic domain leading to upregulated cytotoxic effector cell function. Some MHC class I molecules can serve as ligands for CD158 molecules, with HLA-C ligands reported for KIR2DL1, KIR2DS1, and KIR2DS5.

The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor™ 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor™ 700.

752518 Rev. 1
Format Details
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The BD Horizon™ Red 718 (R718) Dye is part of the BD red family of dyes. It is a small organic fluorochrome with an excitation maximum (Ex Max) at 695-nm and an emission maximum (Em Max) at 718-nm. Driven by BD innovation, R718 is designed to be excited by the red laser (627–640-nm) and detected using an optical filter centered near 720-nm (e.g., a 720/40-nm bandpass filter). R718 is a brighter alternative to Alexa Fluor™ 700. R718 is also a bright small molecule alternative to APC-R700 with lower spread into the APC detector. Please ensure that your instrument’s configurations (lasers and optical filters) are appropriate for this dye.
Red 627-640 nm
695 nm
718 nm
752518 Rev.1
Citations & References
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Development References (9)

  1. Beziat V, Hilton HG, Norman PJ, Traherne JA. Deciphering the killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor system at super-resolution for natural killer and T-cell biology. Immunol. 2017; 150(3):248-264. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
  2. Campbell KS, Purdy AK. Structure/function of human killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors: lessons from polymorphisms, evolution, crystal structures and mutations. Immunol. 2011; 132(3):315-325. (Biology). View Reference
  3. De Miguel M, López-Botet M. Characterization of monoclonal antibodies specific for receptors of the KIR family. Inmunologia. 2002; 21(4):187-193. (Immunogen: Flow cytometry, Functional assay, Immunoprecipitation, Inhibition). View Reference
  4. Döhring C, Samaridis J, Colonna M. Alternatively spliced forms of human killer inhibitory receptors.. Immunogenetics. 1996; 44(3):227-30. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry, Immunoprecipitation). View Reference
  5. Estefanía E, Flores R, Gómez-Lozano N, Aguilar H, López-Botet M, Vilches C. Human KIR2DL5 is an inhibitory receptor expressed on the surface of NK and T lymphocyte subsets.. J Immunol. 2007; 178(7):4402-10. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry, Immunoprecipitation). View Reference
  6. Huard B, Prigent P, Pagès F, Bruniquel D, Triebel F. T cell major histocompatibility complex class II molecules down-regulate CD4+ T cell clone responses following LAG-3 binding. Eur J Immunol. 1996; 26(5):1180-1186. (Biology). View Reference
  7. Ikeda MA, Jakoi L, Nevins JR. A unique role for the Rb protein in controlling E2F accumulation during cell growth and differentiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996; 93(8):3215-3220. (Biology). View Reference
  8. Middleton D, Gonzelez F. The extensive polymorphism of KIR genes. Immunol. 2010; 129(1):8-19. (Biology). View Reference
  9. Pende D, Falco M, Vitale M, et al. Killer Ig-Like Receptors (KIRs): Their Role in NK Cell Modulation and Developments Leading to Their Clinical Exploitation. Front Immunol. 2019; 10:1179. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
View All (9) View Less
752518 Rev. 1

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Global - Refer to manufacturer's instructions for use and related User Manuals and Technical data sheets before using this products as described

Comparisons, where applicable, are made against older BD Technology, manual methods or are general performance claims.  Comparisons are not made against non-BD technologies, unless otherwise noted.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.