Reacts with platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor β, a 170-190 kDa single transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, glial cells and chondrocytes. PDGF receptors, α and β, are single glycoproteins with intracellular tyrosine kinase domains. They are structurally similar to M-CSF receptor and CD117 (c-kit). Their ligand, PDGF, is a mitogen for connective tissue cells and glial cells. PDGF plays a role in wound healing and acts as a chemoattractant for fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, glial cells, monocytes and neutrophils. Functional PDGF is secreted as a disulfide-linked dimer of A and B chains (PDGF-AA, PDGF-BB or PDGF-AB). Binding of divalent PDGF induces receptor dimerization with three possible forms: αα, αβ, ββ. The PDGF receptor α-subunit binds both PDGF A and B chains, whereas the receptor β-subunit binds only PDGF B chain. Both receptor subunits can stimulate mitogenic responses, only the β subunit can induce chemotaxis. 28D4 is specific for PDGFRβ and does not cross-react with PDGFRα.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.