The 16-10A1 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD80 (B7-1). This member of the Ig superfamily, like CD86 (B7-2), can bind to either CD28 or CD152 (CTLA-4) and provide either costimulatory or coinhibitory signals to T cells, respectively. CD80 is constitutively expressed on dendritic cells, monocytes, and peritoneal macrophages as well as by activated B cells and T cells. The 16-10A1 antibody blocks binding of CTLA-4 Ig to CD80 as well as T-cell activation by Con A-elicited peritoneal exudate cells or CD80-transfected cell lines. However, the 16-10A1 antibody alone is not able to block T-cell activation by antigen-presenting cells. The 16-10A1 antibody may reportedly block the binding of another CD80-specific antibody, clone 1G10. In addition, the 16-10A1 antibody may crossreact with an activation antigen expressed on IFN-γ-activated alveolar macrophages of the dog.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.