The MHN1-519 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to an extracellular domain of human Notch1. Notch1 is a type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein receptor and member of the Notch family that includes Notch1-Notch4. Notch1 is cleaved in the Golgi and presents as a cell surface heterodimeric receptor. The Notch1 receptor can bind to several membrane-bound ligands including Jagged1, Jagged2, Delta1 and Delta4. Upon ligand binding, Notch1 undergoes proteolytic cleavage that results in the release of the Notch intracellular domain, NICD. NICD translocates to the nucleus where it forms a transcriptional activator complex with various transcriptional factors. These multimeric complexes either positively or negatively regulate the expression of multiple genes including those that orchestrate many facets of embryonic development and the subsequent functioning of multiple organ systems such as the immune, cardiovascular and nervous systems. Within the immune system, Notch signaling significantly affects the development, proliferation, differentiation and survival of numerous cell types including thymocytes and subsets of T and B lymphocytes and dendritic cells. In altered forms, Notch1 has been associated with certain cardiovascular diseases and with some lymphocyte neoplasms.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.