The 17G10.2 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to human Immunoglobulin Like Transcript 7 (ILT7), also known as CD85g. The ILT7 protein is encoded by the LILRA4 (Leukocyte Immunoglobulin Like Receptor subfamily A member 4) gene. ILT7 is a member of immunoglobulin-like transcripts (ILT) or leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor (LIR) gene family. ILT7 is selectively expressed on plasmacytoid dendrtic cells (pDC) but not on myeloid dendritic cells or other peripheral blood leukocytes. In response to IL-3, IL-3 receptor complex signaling downregulates ILT7 expression by pDC. ILT7 associates with the FcεRIγ signal adapter protein to form a receptor complex that can signal through activation of an immunoreceptor-based tyrosine activation motif (ITAM)-mediated signaling pathway. Signaling through the ILT7-FcεRIγ receptor complex negatively regulates the innate immune functions of pDC. ILT7 crosslinking inhibits TLR responses by pDC such as the stimulated production of type I interferon and other cytokines. Bone marrow stromal cell antigen 2 (BST2) has been identified as a biological ligand for ILT7.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.