The H5 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD307c which is also known as Fc receptor-like 3 (FCRL3), Immune receptor translocation-associated protein 3 (IRTA3), IFGP family protein 3 (IFGP3), and SH2 domain-containing phosphatase anchor protein 2 (SPAP2). The FCRL3 gene is present in humans but not in mice. CD307c is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the FCRL family within the Ig gene superfamily. CD307c shares sequence homology with classical the Fc receptors. CD307c is expressed on subsets of B cells, plasma cells, NK cells, CD8+ T cells, and CD4+ natural T regulatory cells. CD307c isoforms contain multiple extracellular Ig domains and immunoreceptor-tyrosine activation (ITAM) and inhibitory (ITIM) motifs in their intracellular domains. CD307c may be involved in the regulation of immune responses. Genetic variation in FCRL3 has been associated with susceptibility to certain autoimmune diseases.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.