The 11C1 monoclonal antibody recognizes CD268 which is also known as the B cell activating factor receptor (BAFF-R). CD268 is a type III transmembrane protein of approximately 184 residues. BAFF-R is one of the receptors for B-cell activating factor (BAFF), a member of the TNF family of proteins. BAFF is a key regulator for B cell differentiation and critical in regulating survival and activation of peripheral B cell populations. Experiments in the mouse model show that interaction of BAFF with BAFF-R promotes NF-κB activity. Overexpression of BAFF results in an expanded B cell compartment and autoimmunity in mice. Mice injected with BAFF-neutralizing-Fc (BAFF-R-Fc) protein showed reduced NF-κB activation, blocking BAFF-induced B cell proliferation. Reports suggest that the BAFF-BAFF-R interaction may lead to a better understanding of autoimmune disorders.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.