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BUV496 Mouse Anti-Human CD16
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This product is the replacement for [564653].
Product Details
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BD Horizon™
Human (QC Testing), Rhesus, Cynomolgus, Baboon (Tested in Development)
Mouse BALB/c x DBA/2, also known as CD2F1 or CDF1 IgG1, κ
Human polymorphonuclear leukocytes
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
5 µl
IV N409; V MR5, NK80
Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.

Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated under optimal conditions that minimize unconjugated dye and antibody.

Recommended Assay Procedures

BD™ CompBeads can be used as surrogates to assess fluorescence spillover (Compensation).  When fluorochrome conjugated antibodies are bound to CompBeads, they have spectral properties very similar to cells.   However, for some fluorochromes there can be small differences in spectral emissions compared to cells, resulting in spillover values that differ when compared to biological controls.  It is strongly recommended that when using a reagent for the first time, users compare the spillover on cells and CompBead to ensure that BD Comp beads are appropriate for your specific cellular application.

For optimal and reproducible results, BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer should be used anytime two or more BD Horizon Brilliant dyes are used in the same experiment.  Fluorescent dye interactions may cause staining artifacts which may affect data interpretation.  The BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer was designed to minimize these interactions.  More information can be found in the Technical Data Sheet of the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer (Cat. No. 563794/566349) or the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer Plus (Cat. No. 566385).

Note:  When using high concentrations of antibody, background binding of this dye to erythroid cell subsets (mature erythrocytes and precursors) has been observed.  For researchers studying these cell populations, or in cases where light scatter gating does not adequately exclude these cells from the analysis, this background may be an important factor to consider when selecting reagents for panel(s).

Product Notices

  1. This reagent has been pre-diluted for use at the recommended Volume per Test. We typically use 1 × 10^6 cells in a 100-µl experimental sample (a test).
  2. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  3. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  4. Please refer to to access safety data sheets (SDS).
  5. BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,110,673; 8,158,444; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
  6. BD Horizon Brilliant Ultraviolet 496 is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,110,673; 8,158,444; 8,227,187; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
  7. Species cross-reactivity detected in product development may not have been confirmed on every format and/or application.
  8. For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at
  9. Please refer to for technical protocols.
Antibody Details
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The 3G8 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD16a and CD16b, low affinity receptors for the Fc region of IgG. CD16a is ~50-65 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by FCGR3A (Fc fragment of IgG receptor IIIa) which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. CD16a is also known as Fc-gamma RIII-alpha (Fc-gamma RIIIa or FcγRIIIA) or FcRIIIa and is expressed on natural killer cells, activated monocytes, macrophages, γδ T cells, immature thymocytes, and mast cells. CD16a binds immune-complexed or aggregated IgG and associates with CD247/TCRζ in NK cells and FcεRIγ chains in phagocytes and mast cells to transduce intracellular signals. CD16a functions in antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and other antibody-dependent responses including phagocytosis, cytokine production or mediator release. CD16b is a ~48 kDa glycophosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked form that is encoded by FCGR3B (Fc fragment of IgG receptor IIIb). CD16b is also known as Fc-gamma RIII-beta (Fc-gamma RIIIb or FcγRIIIB) or FcRIIIb and is expressed on neutrophils and activated eosinophils. The extracellular region of CD16b is highly homologous to CD16a. CD16b also serves as a receptor for the Fc region of IgG and can bind immune-complexed or aggregated IgG and may be involved in neutrophil adhesion.

       The 3G8 antibody also crossreacts with a subset of peripheral blood lymphocytes and monocytes, but not granulocytes, of baboon, rhesus, and cynomolgus monkeys. Multicolor analysis reveals that the distribution on lymphocytes is similar to that found in human studies with the majority of CD16-positive lymphocytes being both CD3 and CD20 negative.

The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.

Format Details
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The BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet 496 (BUV496) Dye is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This tandem fluorochrome is comprised of a BUV395 donor with an excitation maximum (Ex Max) of 350-nm and an acceptor dye with an emission maximum (Em Max) at 496-nm. BUV496, driven by BD innovation, is designed to be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355-nm) and detected using an optical filter centered near 500-nm (e.g., 515/30-nm bandpass filter). The acceptor dye can be excited by the Violet (405-nm) laser resulting in cross-laser excitation and fluorescence spillover. Please ensure that your instrument’s configurations (lasers and optical filters) are appropriate for this dye.
Ultraviolet 355 nm
350 nm
496 nm
Citations & References
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Development References (10)

  1. Fleit HB, Wright SD, Durie CJ, Valinsky JE, Unkeless JC. Ontogeny of Fc receptors and complement receptor (CR3) during human myeloid differentiation. J Clin Invest. 1984; 73(2):516-525. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry, Fluorescence microscopy, Immunofluorescence, Immunoprecipitation, Radioimmunoassay). View Reference
  2. Fleit HB, Wright SD, Unkeless JC. Human neutrophil Fc gamma receptor distribution and structure. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1982; 79(10):3275-3279. (Immunogen: Blocking, Immunoprecipitation, Inhibition, Radioimmunoassay). View Reference
  3. Knapp W. W. Knapp .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing IV : white cell differentiation antigens. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press; 1989:1-1182.
  4. Lin G-X, Yang X, Hollemweguer E, et al. Cross-reactivity of CD antibodies in eight animal species. In: Mason D. David Mason .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing VII : white cell differentiation antigens : proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop and Conference held in Harrogate, United Kingdom. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2002:519-523.
  5. Perussia B, Trinchieri G, Jackson A, et al. The Fc receptor for IgG on human natural killer cells: phenotypic, functional, and comparative studies with monoclonal antibodies. J Immunol. 1984; 133(1):180-189. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry, Functional assay, Inhibition). View Reference
  6. Schmidt RE. Non-lineage/natural killer section report: new and previously defined clusters. In: Knapp W. W. Knapp .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing IV : white cell differentiation antigens. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press; 1989:517-542.
  7. Stroncek DF, Skubitz KM, Plachta LB, et al. Alloimmune neonatal neutropenia due to an antibody to the neutrophil Fc-gamma receptor III with maternal deficiency of CD16 antigen. Blood. 1991; 77(7):1572-1580. (Clone-specific: Immunofluorescence, Immunoprecipitation). View Reference
  8. Vossebeld PJ, Homburg CH, Roos D, Verhoeven AJ. The anti-Fc gamma RIII mAb 3G8 induces neutrophil activation via a cooperative actin of Fc gamma RIIIb and Fc gamma RIIa. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 1997; 29(3):465-473. (Clone-specific: Activation, Functional assay). View Reference
  9. Wirthmueller U, Kurosaki T, Murakami MS, Ravetch JV. Signal transduction by Fc gamma RIII (CD16) is mediated through the gamma chain. J Exp Med. 1992; 175(5):1381-1390. (Clone-specific: Activation, Functional assay). View Reference
  10. Zola H. Leukocyte and stromal cell molecules : the CD markers. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Liss; 2007.
View All (10) View Less

Please refer to Support Documents for Quality Certificates

Global - Refer to manufacturer's instructions for use and related User Manuals and Technical data sheets before using this products as described

Comparisons, where applicable, are made against older BD Technology, manual methods or are general performance claims.  Comparisons are not made against non-BD technologies, unless otherwise noted.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.