The HIP1 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD42b. CD42b is also known as the Platelet glycoprotein Ib alpha chain that is encoded by the GP1BA gene. CD42b is disulfide bonded to CD42c to form a 170 kDa heterodimer, GPIb. GPIb forms a noncovalent complex with CD42a and CD42d (CD42 complex) that is expressed on platelets and megakaryocytes. The CD42 complex serves as the von Willebrand Factor (vWF) surface receptor involved in the adhesion of platelets to the subendothelium of damaged vascular walls. HIP1 inhibits the ristocetin-dependent binding of vWF to platelets and partially inhibits collagen-induced aggregation.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.