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Recombinant Rat IL-4

BD Pharmingen™ Recombinant Rat IL-4

Product Details
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Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is a potent lymphoid cell growth factor which can stimulate the growth, differentiation and survivability of and regulate the function of various cell types of hematopoietic (including B and T lymphocytes, mast cells, monocytes and macrophages) and non-hematopoietic (e.g., vascular endothelial cells and certain tumor cells) origin. IL-4 exerts its biological activities by binding to specific high affinity receptors expressed by a wide variety of cell types. The rat IL-4 gene product is a 17 -20 kD glycoprotein containing 123 amino acid residues.

Formulation and Purity: Recombinant rat IL-4 is supplied as a frozen liquid comprised of 0.22 ìm sterile-filtered PBS, pH 7.2, and containing 2.0 mg/ml biotechnology grade, low endotoxin bovine serum albumin, with no preservatives. Recombinant rat IL-4 protein was purified by immunoaffinity chromatography and was found to be > 95% pure by SDS-PAGE analysis, and an absorbance assay based on the Beers-Lambert law. The endotoxin level is ≤0.1 ng per µg of rat IL-4, as measured in a chromogenic LAL assay.

Preparation And Storage

This preparation contains no preservatives, thus it should be handled under aseptic conditions. Rapidly thaw and quick-spin product prior to use. Store product at -80°C prior to use or for long term storage of stock solutions. Avoid multiple freeze-thaws of product.

Recombinant rat IL-4 is supplied as a frozen liquid. Upon initial thawing the product should be aliquoted into polypropylene microtubes and frozen at -80°C for future use. Alternatively, the product can be diluted in sterile neutral buffer containing not less than 0.5 - 10 mg/ml carrier protein** such as human or bovine albumin, aliquoted and stored at -80°C. For in vitro biological assay use, we recommend carrier-protein concentrations of 0.5 - 1.0 mg/ml. For use as an ELISA standard we recommend carrier-protein concentrations of 5 - 10 mg/ml. NOTE: Failure to add carrier protein or store at indicated temperatures may result in a loss of activity.

Recommended Assay Procedures

ELISA Standard: Recombinant rat IL-4 (Cat. No. 555107) is useful as a quantitative standard for measuring rat IL-4 protein levels in an IL-4 specific sandwich ELISA with purified anti-rat IL-4, clone OX-81, (Cat. No. 555080) as a capture antibody and biotinylated anti-rat IL-4, clone B11-3 (Cat. No. 555090) as the detection antibody. To obtain linear standard curves, doubling dilutions of the rat IL-4 standard from ~2,000 to 15 pg/ml should be included in each ELISA plate. For specific methodology, please visit please visit the protocols section or chapter on ELISA in the Immune Function Handbook, both of which are posted on our web site,

Note: This ELISA pair is recommended primarily for measuring cytokine from experimental cell culture systems. These ELISA reagents are not recommended for assay of serum or plasma samples. For measuring rat IL-4 in serum or plasma our BD OptEIA™ Rat IL-4 ELISA Set (Cat. No. 555198) is specially formulated and recommended.

Biological Activity: This material has been shown to have biological activity. Please note that the biological activity of this product is not routinely tested at BD Biosciences Pharmingen.

**Carrier proteins should be pre-screened for possible effects in an appropriate experimental system. Carrier proteins may effect experimental results due to toxicity, high endotoxin levels or possible blocking activity.

Product Notices

  1. Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
  2. Please refer to for technical protocols.
  3. Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
555107 Rev. 1
Citations & References
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Development References (4)

  1. McKnight AJ, Barclay AN, Mason DW. Molecular cloning of rat interleukin 4 cDNA and analysis of the cytokine repertoire of subsets of CD4+ T cells. Eur J Immunol. 1991; 21(5):1187-1194. (Biology). View Reference
  2. McKnight AJ, Classon BJ. Biochemical and immunological properties of rat recombinant interleukin-2 and interleukin-4. Immunology. 1992; 75(2):286-292. (Biology). View Reference
  3. Paul WE. Interleukin-4: a prototypic immunoregulatory lymphokine. Blood. 1991; 77(9):1859-1870. (Biology). View Reference
  4. Prussin C, Metcalfe DD. Detection of intracytoplasmic cytokine using flow cytometry and directly conjugated anti-cytokine antibodies. J Immunol Methods. 1995; 188(1):117-128. (Methodology: IC/FCM Block). View Reference
View All (4) View Less
555107 Rev. 1

Please refer to Support Documents for Quality Certificates

Global - Refer to manufacturer's instructions for use and related User Manuals and Technical data sheets before using this products as described

Comparisons, where applicable, are made against older BD Technology, manual methods or are general performance claims.  Comparisons are not made against non-BD technologies, unless otherwise noted.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.

Refer to manufacturer's instructions for use and related User Manuals and Technical Data Sheets before using this product as described.

Comparisons, where applicable, are made against older BD technology, manual methods or are general performance claims. Comparisons are not made against non-BD technologies, unless otherwise noted.