The EBA-1 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to human CD326. CD326 is an approximately 40 kDa type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein and adhesion molecule that mediates intercellular adhesive interactions. CD326 is also known as epithelial adhesion molecule (EpCAM), epithelial glycoprotein 2 (EGP-2), and epithelial surface antigen (ESA). The epithelial cells present in non-squamous epithelia and tumors derived from such cells show EpCAM expression. The normal epithelial cells reactive with anti-EpCAM antibodies are those present in the (lower) respiratory tract; the (lower) gastrointestinal tract; tubules in the kidney; the surface epithelium of the ovary; the exocrine and endocrine pancreas; secondary germ cells of telogenic hair follicles; and secretory tubules of sweat glands in the skin, whereas the epidermis is negative. In addition, all epithelial cells in the thyroid and epithelial cells in the thymus show EpCAM expression, while the outer cortex and Hassall's corpuscles have low expression. In the liver, only the bile ducts appear to be positive with anti-EpCAM antibodies. Non-squamous- carcinoma cells have high EpCAM expression; some squamous carcinoma cells. Tumors arising from non-epithelial cells, such as lymphoma, mesothelioma, neuroblastoma, and melanoma, do not express EpCAM.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.