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Purified Rat Anti- Mouse CD8a
Purified Rat Anti- Mouse CD8a

Immunohistochemical staining of CD8+ T lymphocytes. Frozen sections of normal mouse spleen were reacted with Purified Rat Anti- Mouse CD8a (Cat. No. 550281), then visualized with Biotin Goat Anti-Rat Ig (Cat. No. 559286), Streptavidin-HRP (Cat. No. 550946), and the DAB detection system (Cat. No. 550880). CD8+ T lymphocytes can be identified by the intense brown labeling of their cell surface membranes.

Immunohistochemical staining of CD8+ T lymphocytes. Frozen sections of normal mouse spleen were reacted with Purified Rat Anti- Mouse CD8a (Cat. No. 550281), then visualized with Biotin Goat Anti-Rat Ig (Cat. No. 559286), Streptavidin-HRP (Cat. No. 550946), and the DAB detection system (Cat. No. 550880). CD8+ T lymphocytes can be identified by the intense brown labeling of their cell surface membranes.

Product Details
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BD Pharmingen™
Cd8a; CD8 alpha chain; Ly-2; Lyt2; Lyt-2; Ly-35; Ly-B
Mouse (QC Testing)
Rat LOU, also known as Louvain, LOU/C, LOU/M IgG2a, κ
Mouse Spleen Cells or Thymocyte Membranes
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested), Immunohistochemistry-frozen, Immunohistochemistry-zinc-fixed (Tested During Development), Immunohistochemistry-formalin (antigen retrieval required) (Not Recommended)
62.5 µg/ml
12525
AB_2275792
Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA, goat serum, and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
RUO


Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.

Recommended Assay Procedures

Immunohistochemistry: Clone 53-6.7 is recommended to test for immunohistochemical staining of acetone-fixed frozen sections or zinc-fixed paraffin sections of mouse spleen or thymus.  IHC of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded sections is not recommended.  The antibody has been reported to stain the membranes of thymocytes and a subpopulation of mature T lymphocytes that are MHC class I restricted. The isotype control recommended for use with this antibody is purified rat IgG2a (Cat. No. 559073). For optimal indirect immunohistochemical staining, the 53-6.7 antibody should be titrated (1:10 to 1:50 dilution and visualized via a three-step procedure in combination with Biotin Goat Anti-Rat Ig (Cat. No. 559286) as the secondary antibody and Streptavidin-HRP (Cat. No. 550946) together with the DAB detection system (Cat. No. 550880). More conveniently, the anti-rat Ig HRP detection kit (Cat. No. 551013) can be used which contains the biotinylated secondary antibody, the antibody diluent, streptavidin-HRP and a DAB substrate for use in the staining procedure.

Product Notices

  1. Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
  2. Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
  3. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  4. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  5. This antibody has been developed for the immunohistochemistry application. However, a routine immunohistochemistry test is not performed on every lot. Researchers are encouraged to titrate the reagent for optimal performance.
  6. Sodium azide is a reversible inhibitor of oxidative metabolism; therefore, antibody preparations containing this preservative agent must not be used in cell cultures nor injected into animals. Sodium azide may be removed by washing stained cells or plate-bound antibody or dialyzing soluble antibody in sodium azide-free buffer. Since endotoxin may also affect the results of functional studies, we recommend the NA/LE (No Azide/Low Endotoxin) antibody format, if available, for in vitro and in vivo use.
  7. Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
550281 Rev. 9
Antibody Details
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53-6.7

The 53-6.7 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to the 38 kDa α and 34 kDa α' chains of the CD8 differentiation antigen (Ly-2 or Lyt-2) of all mouse strains tested. The CD8 α and α' chains (CD8a) form heterodimers with the CD8 β chain (CD8b, Ly-3, or Lyt-3) on the surface of most thymocytes. A subpopulation of mature T lymphocytes (i.e., MHC class I-restricted T cells, including most T suppressor/cytotoxic cells) expresses almost exclusively the CD8 αβ heterodimer. Subsets of γδ TCR-bearing T cells, intestinal intrapithelial lymphocytes, and dendritic cells express CD8a without CD8b. It has been suggested that the expression of the CD8a/CD8b heterodimer is restricted to T lymphocytes which matured in the thymus or in an extrathymic environment that had been influenced by thymus-initiated neuroendocrine signals. CD8 is an antigen coreceptor on the T-cell surface which interacts with MHC class I molecules on antigen-presenting cells or epithelial cells. It participates in T-cell activation through its association with the T-cell receptor complex and protein tyrosine kinase lck (p56 [lck]). The CD8 α and α' chains arise from alternatively spliced messengers of a single CD8a gene. The longer α form associates with p56 [lck] via a CXCP motif in its cytoplasmic domain, which it shares with CD4, but not with CD8b. The truncated α' chain is unable to associate with p56 [lck], and it may function to attenuate the CD8-mediated costimulatory signal during intrathymic T-cell maturation.  In vivo and in vitro treatment with 53-6.7 mAb has reportedly been effective at depleting CD8+ peripheral T lymphocytes. The 53-6.7 antibody has also been reported to cross-react with CD8 α- and α'-like polypeptides on subsets of thymic and peripheral lymphocytes in the Egyptian toad, Bufo regularis.

550281 Rev. 9
Format Details
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Purified
Tissue culture supernatant is purified by either protein A/G or affinity purification methods. Both methods yield antibody in solution that is free of most other soluble proteins, lipids, etc. This format provides pure antibody that is suitable for a number of downstream applications including: secondary labeling for flow cytometry or microscopy, ELISA, Western blot, etc.
Purified
550281 Rev.9
Citations & References
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Development References (19)

  1. Alexander-Miller MA, Leggatt GR, Sarin A, Berzofsky JA. Role of antigen, CD8, and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) avidity in high dose antigen induction of apoptosis of effector CTL. J Exp Med. 1996; 184(2):485-492. (Biology). View Reference
  2. Anel A, O'Rourke AM, Kleinfeld AM, Mescher MF. T cell receptor and CD8-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation events in cytotoxic T lymphocytes: activation of p56lck by CD8 binding to class I protein. Eur J Immunol. 1996; 26(10):2310-2319. (Biology). View Reference
  3. Bierer BE, Sleckman BP, Ratnofsky SE, Burakoff SJ. The biologic roles of CD2, CD4, and CD8 in T-cell activation. Annu Rev Immunol. 1989; 7:579-599. (Biology). View Reference
  4. Hathcock KS. T cell depletion by cytotoxic elimination. Curr Protoc Immunol. 1991; 1:3.4.1-3.4.3. (Biology). View Reference
  5. Janeway CA Jr. The T cell receptor as a multicomponent signalling machine: CD4/CD8 coreceptors and CD45 in T cell activation. Annu Rev Immunol. 1992; 10:645-674. (Biology). View Reference
  6. Kruisbeek AM, Shevach EM. Proliferative assays for T cell function. Curr Protoc Immunol. 2004; 3:3.12.1-3.12.14. (Biology). View Reference
  7. LeFrancois L. Extrathymic differentiation of intraepithelial lymphocytes: generation of a separate and unequal T-cell repertoire. Immunol Today. 1991; 12(12):436-438. (Biology). View Reference
  8. Ledbetter JA, Herzenberg LA. Xenogeneic monoclonal antibodies to mouse lymphoid differentiation antigens. Immunol Rev. 1979; 47:63-90. (Biology). View Reference
  9. Ledbetter JA, Rouse RV, Micklem HS, Herzenberg LA. T cell subsets defined by expression of Lyt-1,2,3 and Thy-1 antigens. Two-parameter immunofluorescence and cytotoxicity analysis with monoclonal antibodies modifies current views. J Exp Med. 1980; 152(2):280-295. (Biology). View Reference
  10. Ledbetter JA, Seaman WE, Tsu TT, Herzenberg LA. Lyt-2 and lyt-3 antigens are on two different polypeptide subunits linked by disulfide bonds. Relationship of subunits to T cell cytolytic activity. J Exp Med. 1981; 153(6):1503-1516. (Biology). View Reference
  11. MacDonald HR, Schreyer M, Howe RC, Bron C. Selective expression of CD8 alpha (Ly-2) subunit on activated thymic gamma/delta cells. Eur J Immunol. 1990; 20(4):927-930. (Biology). View Reference
  12. Nakayama K, Nakayama K, Negishi I, et al. Requirement for CD8 beta chain in positive selection of CD8-lineage T cells. Science. 1994; 263(5150):1131-1133. (Biology). View Reference
  13. Sydora BC, Brossay L, Hagenbaugh A, Kronenberg M, Cheroutre H. TAP-independent selection of CD8+ intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes. J Immunol. 1996; 156(11):4209-4216. (Biology). View Reference
  14. Takahashi K, Nakata M, Tanaka T, et al. CD4 and CD8 regulate interleukin 2 responses of T cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992; 89(12):5557-5561. (Biology). View Reference
  15. Vremec D, Zorbas M, Scollay R, et al. The surface phenotype of dendritic cells purified from mouse thymus and spleen: investigation of the CD8 expression by a subpopulation of dendritic cells. J Exp Med. 1992; 176(1):47-58. (Biology). View Reference
  16. Wang J, Klein JR. Thymus-neuroendocrine interactions in extrathymic T cell development. Science. 1994; 265(5180):1860-1862. (Biology). View Reference
  17. Wu L, Vremec D, Ardavin C, et al. Mouse thymus dendritic cells: kinetics of development and changes in surface markers during maturation. Eur J Immunol. 1995; 25(2):418-425. (Biology). View Reference
  18. Zamoyska R, Derham P, Gorman SD, et al. Inability of CD8 alpha' polypeptides to associate with p56lck correlates with impaired function in vitro and lack of expression in vivo. Nature. 1989; 342(6247):278-281. (Biology). View Reference
  19. van Ewijk W, van Soest PL, van den Engh GJ. Fluorescence analysis and anatomic distribution of mouse T lymphocyte subsets defined by monoclonal antibodies to the antigens Thy-1, Lyt-1, Lyt-2, and T-200. J Immunol. 1981; 127(6):2594-2604. (Biology). View Reference
View All (19) View Less
550281 Rev. 9

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