The NP4D6 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD203c. CD203c is a type II transmembrane glycoprotein that is a member of the E-NNP family of ectoenzymes. CD203c is also known as ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 3 (E-NPP3, ENPP3) due to its capacity to hydrolyze phosphodiester and phosphosulfate bonds in a variety of molecules including deoxynucleotides, nucleoside phosphates, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. CD203c is otherwise known as Phosphodiesterase-1β (PD-1β, PD-I beta), B10, or gp130RB13-6. CD203c is expressed by basophils and mast cells. Basophils increase CD203c expression following activation with allergens or antibodies that crosslink cytophilic IgE. Thus, CD203c serves as a useful flow cytometric marker for basophil activation and the detection and analysis of type 1 allergic responses. IgE-receptor cross-linking results in CD203c upregulation and overexpression on neoplastic mast cells in cases of systemic mastocytosis.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BV510 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 405-nm and Em Max at 510-nm, BD Horizon BV510 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the BD Horizon V500 (525/50-nm) filter set. BD Horizon BV510 conjugates are useful for the detection of dim markers off the violet laser.