The 440c monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes Siglec-H, a type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by Siglech (Sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin H). Siglec-H contains two immunoglobulin domains in its extracellular region and a cytoplasmic domain that lacks tyrosine-based signaling motifs unlike other CD33-related Siglec-like molecules. Siglec-H is expressed on progenitors of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and depends on DAP12 for cell surface expression and intracellular signaling function. In addition to its expression on pDC, Siglec-H may also be expressed by splenic marginal zone macrophages, medullary macrophages in lymph nodes, and microglia. Siglec-H may regulate the production of type I interferons (IFN-I) by pDCs and other cell types. There is no clear human ortholog for mouse Siglec-H.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max at 421-nm, BD Horizon BV421 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the standard Pacific Blue™ filter set (eg, 450/50-nm filter). BD Horizon BV421 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific Blue conjugates.