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BUV661 Mouse Anti-Human KIR2DL1/S1/S3/S5 (CD158)
Product Details
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BD OptiBuild™
KIR2DL1 (CD158a/NKAT-1); KIR2DS1 (CD158h); KIR2DS3 (NKAT-7); KIR2DS5 (CD158g/NKAT-9)
Human (Tested in Development)
Mouse BALB/c IgG2b, κ
Human NK Clone LB2
Flow cytometry (Qualified)
0.2 mg/ml
Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
RUO


Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated to the dye under optimum conditions that minimize unconjugated dye and antibody.

Recommended Assay Procedures

BD™ CompBeads can be used as surrogates to assess fluorescence spillover (Compensation).  When fluorochrome conjugated antibodies are bound to BD CompBeads, they have spectral properties very similar to cells.   However, for some fluorochromes there can be small differences in spectral emissions compared to cells, resulting in spillover values that differ when compared to biological controls.  It is strongly recommended that when using a reagent for the first time, users compare the spillover on cells and BD CompBead to ensure that BD CompBeads are appropriate for your specific cellular application.

For optimal and reproducible results, BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer should be used anytime two or more BD Horizon Brilliant dyes are used in the same experiment.  Fluorescent dye interactions may cause staining artifacts which may affect data interpretation.  The BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer was designed to minimize these interactions.  More information can be found in the Technical Data Sheet of the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer (Cat. No. 563794/566349) or the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer Plus (Cat. No. 566385).

Note:  When using high concentrations of antibody, background binding of this dye to erythroid cell subsets (mature erythrocytes and precursors) has been observed.  For researchers studying these cell populations, or in cases where light scatter gating does not adequately exclude these cells from the analysis, this background may be an important factor to consider when selecting reagents for panel(s).

Product Notices

  1. The production process underwent stringent testing and validation to assure that it generates a high-quality conjugate with consistent performance and specific binding activity. However, verification testing has not been performed on all conjugate lots.
  2. Researchers should determine the optimal concentration of this reagent for their individual applications.
  3. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  4. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  5. For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
  6. Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
  7. BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,110,673; 8,158,444; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
  8. Please refer to http://regdocs.bd.com to access safety data sheets (SDS).
  9. BD Horizon Brilliant Ultraviolet 661 is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,110,673; 8,158,444; 8,227,187; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
752512 Rev. 1
Antibody Details
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HP-MA4

The HP-MA4 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes several Killer Cell Immunoglobulin-like Receptors (KIRs) which are also known as CD158 molecules. HP-MA4 recognizes Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DL1 (encoded by KIR2DL1; aka, CD158a and NKAT-1), Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DS1 (KIR2DS1; CD158h), Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DS3 (KIR2DS3; NKAT-7), and Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor 2DS5 (KIR2DS5; CD158g, NKAT-9) which are collectively known as KIR2DL1/S1/S3/S5 (CD158). These type I transmembrane glycoproteins are encoded by polymorphic genes and have 2 extracellular Ig-like domains (KIR2D, domains D1 and D2) followed by a transmembrane region and either long (L) or short (S) cytoplasmic domains. Various CD158 molecules are differentially expressed by CD56dim natural killer (NK) cells and some T cells and can regulate their cytotoxic effector functions. Although different KIR gene content varies amongst haplotypes for individuals, certain "framework" genes including KIR3DL3, KIR3DP1, KIR3DL4, and KIR3DL2, are found in all haplotypes. KIR2DL1 has a long cytoplasmic domain with two tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIM) that enables inhibitory signal transduction by ligand-bound KIR2DL1 leading to reduced cytotoxic effector cell activity. KIR2DS1, KIR2DS3, KIR2DS5 (KIR2DS1/S3/S5) proteins each have a short cytoplasmic tail with a positively charged amino acid in their transmembrane region which allows association with the DAP12 transmembrane protein. DAP12 acts as an activating signal transduction element through its immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) in its cytoplasmic domain leading to upregulated cytotoxic effector cell function. Some MHC class I molecules can serve as ligands for CD158 molecules, with HLA-C ligands reported for KIR2DL1, KIR2DS1, and KIR2DS5.

The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV661 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 661-nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV661 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 670/25 filter and a 630 nm LP.  Due to cross laser excitation of this dye, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting APC-like emissions (eg, 670/25-nm filter).

752512 Rev. 1
Format Details
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BUV661
The BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet 661 (BUV661) Dye is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This tandem fluorochrome is comprised of a BUV395 donor with an excitation maximum (Ex Max) of 350-nm and an acceptor dye with an emission maximum (Em Max) at 660-nm. BUV661, driven by BD innovation, is designed to be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355-nm) and detected using an optical filter centered near 660-nm (e.g., 670/25 bandpass filter). The acceptor dye can be excited by the Red (628–640-nm) laser resulting in cross-laser excitation and fluorescence spillover. Please ensure that your instrument’s configurations (lasers and optical filters) are appropriate for this dye.
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BUV661
Ultraviolet 355 nm
350 nm
660 nm
752512 Rev.1
Citations & References
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Development References (9)

  1. Beziat V, Hilton HG, Norman PJ, Traherne JA. Deciphering the killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor system at super-resolution for natural killer and T-cell biology. Immunol. 2017; 150(3):248-264. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
  2. Campbell KS, Purdy AK. Structure/function of human killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors: lessons from polymorphisms, evolution, crystal structures and mutations. Immunol. 2011; 132(3):315-325. (Biology). View Reference
  3. De Miguel M, López-Botet M. Characterization of monoclonal antibodies specific for receptors of the KIR family. Inmunologia. 2002; 21(4):187-193. (Immunogen: Flow cytometry, Functional assay, Immunoprecipitation, Inhibition). View Reference
  4. Döhring C, Samaridis J, Colonna M. Alternatively spliced forms of human killer inhibitory receptors.. Immunogenetics. 1996; 44(3):227-30. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry, Immunoprecipitation). View Reference
  5. Estefanía E, Flores R, Gómez-Lozano N, Aguilar H, López-Botet M, Vilches C. Human KIR2DL5 is an inhibitory receptor expressed on the surface of NK and T lymphocyte subsets.. J Immunol. 2007; 178(7):4402-10. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry, Immunoprecipitation). View Reference
  6. Huard B, Prigent P, Pagès F, Bruniquel D, Triebel F. T cell major histocompatibility complex class II molecules down-regulate CD4+ T cell clone responses following LAG-3 binding. Eur J Immunol. 1996; 26(5):1180-1186. (Biology). View Reference
  7. Ikeda MA, Jakoi L, Nevins JR. A unique role for the Rb protein in controlling E2F accumulation during cell growth and differentiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996; 93(8):3215-3220. (Biology). View Reference
  8. Middleton D, Gonzelez F. The extensive polymorphism of KIR genes. Immunol. 2010; 129(1):8-19. (Biology). View Reference
  9. Pende D, Falco M, Vitale M, et al. Killer Ig-Like Receptors (KIRs): Their Role in NK Cell Modulation and Developments Leading to Their Clinical Exploitation. Front Immunol. 2019; 10:1179. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
View All (9) View Less
752512 Rev. 1

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Global - Refer to manufacturer's instructions for use and related User Manuals and Technical data sheets before using this products as described


Comparisons, where applicable, are made against older BD Technology, manual methods or are general performance claims.  Comparisons are not made against non-BD technologies, unless otherwise noted.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.