The hIL4R-M57 antibody specifically binds to the α subunit (IL-4Rα) of the human Interleukin-4 Receptor complex which is also known as CD124. The human IL-4Rα, also known as B cell stimulatory factor 1 receptor (BSF-1 receptor), is a 140 kDa transmembrane glycoprotein that is expressed by B and T lymphocytes and a variety of other hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells and cell lines. The cell surface IL-4Rα chain binds IL-4 with high affinity and associates with either the common γ chain (IL-4Rα/γc; aka, type I IL-4R complex) or the IL-13 receptor alpha-1 subunit (IL-4Rα/IL-13Rα1; aka, type II IL-4R complex) to form two distinct types of signal-transducing IL-4R complexes. The type I IL-4 receptor complex specifically binds IL-4 whereas the type II IL-4R complex binds and transduces signals from either IL-4 or IL-13. A truncated form of the IL-4Rα exists in soluble form in biological fluids. In contrast to mice, in humans no distinct mRNA coding for sIL-4R has been described, suggested that human sIL4-R is exclusively produced by proteolytic cleavage of the cell surface receptor. The serum levels of soluble IL-4Rα appear to elevate in pathological situations such as allergy and parasitic infections. Depending on the ratios of IL-4 and sIL-4Rα present in the local milieu, the sIL-4Rα may augment or antagonize the activities of IL-4. The immunogen used to generate the hIL4R-M57 hybridoma was soluble human IL-4R.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV615 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome with an Ex Max near 350 nm and an Em Max near 615 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV615 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 610/20 filter and a 595 nm LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the blue/yellow-green laser line, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting PE-CF594 like emissions (eg, 610/20-nm filter).