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BB515 Armenian Hamster Anti-ICOS (CD278)
Product Details
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BD Horizon™
ICOS; AILIM; H4; Inducible T-cell costimulator; CVID1; Ly115
Human (QC Testing), Mouse (Tested in Development), Rat, Rhesus (Reported)
Armenian Hamster IgG
Mouse D10.G4.1 T-cell clone
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
0.2 mg/ml
Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.

Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated with BD Horizon™ BB515 under optimum conditions and unconjugated antibody was removed.

Recommended Assay Procedures

  BD™ CompBeads can be used as surrogates to assess fluorescence spillover (Compensation).  When fluorochrome conjugated antibodies are bound to CompBeads, they have spectral properties very similar to cells.   However, for some fluorochromes there can be small differences in spectral emissions compared to cells, resulting in spillover values that differ when compared to biological controls.  It is strongly recommended that when using a reagent for the first time, users compare the spillover on cells and CompBead to ensure that BD Comp beads are appropriate for your specific cellular application.

For optimal and reproducible results, BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer should be used anytime two or more BD Horizon Brilliant dyes are used in the same experiment.  Fluorescent dye interactions may cause staining artifacts which may affect data interpretation.  The BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer was designed to minimize these interactions.  More information can be found in the Technical Data Sheet of the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer (Cat. No. 563794/566349) or the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer Plus (Cat. No. 566385).

For optimal results, it is recommended to perform 2 washes after staining with antibodies. Cells may be prepared, stained with antibodies and washed twice with wash buffer per established protocols for immunofluorescence staining, prior to acquisition on a flow cytometer. Performing fewer than the recommended wash steps may lead to increased spread of the negative population.

Product Notices

  1. Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
  2. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  3. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  4. For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at
  5. Please refer to to access safety data sheets (SDS).
  6. BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,110,673; 8,158,444; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
  7. Species cross-reactivity detected in product development may not have been confirmed on every format and/or application.
  8. Please refer to for technical protocols.
565881 Rev. 3
Antibody Details
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  The C398.4A monoclonal antibody specifically binds to Inducible Costimulator (ICOS), which is also known as, CD278, Activation-inducible lymphocyte immunomediatory molecule (AILIM), or H4. ICOS is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein that forms a disulfide-linked homodimer and belongs to the CD28 family within the Ig superfamily. ICOS is expressed on either CD4+ or CD8+ single-positive mature thymocytes, T cells, or subsets of Innate Lymphoid Cells (ILC). Its expression is upregulated on activated T lymphocytes. ICOS is a costimulatory receptor that can bind to the B7-H2 ligand (CD275, ICOS-L) that is expressed on B cells, monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, and endothelial cells. ICOS plays a critical role in many types of T cell-dependent immunity. In the case of humoral immunity, for example, ICOS signaling is critical for the differentiation of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells and development of germinal centers. Although C398.4A was generated against mouse ICOS, this antibody reportedly crossreacts with human, rhesus, and rat ICOS.

The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BB515 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Blue family of dyes. With an Ex Max near 490 nm and an Em Max near 515 nm, BD Horizon BB515 can be excited by the blue laser (488 nm) laser and detected with a 530/30 nm filter. This dye has been exclusively developed by BD Biosciences and is up to seven times brighter than FITC with less spillover into the PE channel. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, BB515, FITC, and Alexa Fluor® 488 cannot be used simultaneously. It is not recommended to use BB515 in cocktails that include Streptavidin conjugates as it may cause high background.

565881 Rev. 3
Format Details
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The BD Horizon Brilliant™ Blue 515 (BB515) dye is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Blue family of dyes. This dye is a polymer fluorochrome with an excitation maximum (Ex Max) at 490-nm and an emission maximum (Em Max) of 515-nm. Driven by BD innovation, BB515 is designed to be excited by the blue laser (488-nm) and detected using an optical filter centered near 520-nm (e.g., 530/30-nm). BB515 reagents are significantly brighter than equivalent FITC or Alexa Fluor™ 488 reagents with less spillover into the PE detector. Please ensure that your instrument’s configurations (lasers and optical filters) are appropriate for this dye.
Blue 488 nm
490 nm
515 nm
565881 Rev.3
Citations & References
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Development References (8)

  1. Araujo LM, Fert I, Jouhault Q, et al. Increased production of interleukin-17 over interleukin-10 by treg cells implicates inducible costimulator molecule in experimental spondyloarthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2014; 66(9):2412-2422. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
  2. Brenchley JM, Vinton C, Tabb B, et al. Differential infection patterns of CD4+ T cells and lymphoid tissue viral burden distinguish progressive and nonprogressive lentiviral infections.. Blood. 2012; 120(20):4172-81. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
  3. Buonfiglio D, Bragardo M, Bonissoni S, et al. Characterization of a novel human surface molecule selectively expressed by mature thymocytes, activated T cells and subsets of T cell lymphomas. Eur J Immunol. 1999; 29(9):2863-2879. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry, Immunohistochemistry, Immunoprecipitation, Radioimmunoassay). View Reference
  4. Buonfiglio D, Bragardo M, Redoglia V, et al. The T cell activation molecule H4 and the CD28-like molecule ICOS are identical. Eur J Immunol. 2000; 30(12):3463-3467. (Clone-specific: Blocking, Flow cytometry). View Reference
  5. Chen Y, Shen S, Gorentla BK, Gao J, Zhong XP. Murine regulatory T cells contain hyperproliferative and death-prone subsets with differential ICOS expression. J Immunol. 2012; 188(4):1698-1707. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry, Fluorescence activated cell sorting). View Reference
  6. Klatt NR, Vinton CL, Lynch RM et al. SIV infection of rhesus macaques results in dysfunctional T- and B-cell responses to neo and recall Leishmania major vaccination. Blood. 2011; 118(22):5803-5812. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
  7. Redoglia V, Dianzani U, Rojo JM, et al. Characterization of H4: a mouse T lymphocyte activation molecule functionally associated with the CD3/T cell receptor. Eur J Immunol. 1996; 26(11):2781-2789. (Immunogen: Bioassay, (Co)-stimulation, Flow cytometry, Functional assay, Immunoprecipitation, Radioimmunoassay). View Reference
  8. Xu H, Wang X, Lackner AA, Veazey RS. PD-1(HIGH) Follicular CD4 T Helper Cell Subsets Residing in Lymph Node Germinal Centers Correlate with B Cell Maturation and IgG Production in Rhesus Macaques. Front Biosci. 2014; 5(85):1-7. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry). View Reference
View All (8) View Less
565881 Rev. 3

Please refer to Support Documents for Quality Certificates

Global - Refer to manufacturer's instructions for use and related User Manuals and Technical data sheets before using this products as described

Comparisons, where applicable, are made against older BD Technology, manual methods or are general performance claims.  Comparisons are not made against non-BD technologies, unless otherwise noted.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.