The E50-2440 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes Siglec-F. Siglecs are the sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin superfamily lectins defined in the human, each of which has a distinctive expression pattern in the hematopoietic system and at least some of which are known to mediate cell-cell interactions. Orthologous proteins of human Siglec-1 (Sialoadhesin or CD169), Siglec-2 (CD22), and Siglec-4 (myelin-associated glycoprotein) have been characterized in the mouse. Human Siglec-3 (CD33) and Siglecs-5 through -10 are encoded by a cluster of closely related genes, and each has two cytoplasmic ITIM (Immunoreceptor Tyrosine-based Inhibitory Motifs). Similarly, mouse Siglec-F is encoded by the Siglecf gene in a syntenic cluster in the mouse, and the protein has sialic acid-binding activity and an intracytoplasmic ITIM. Its expression pattern differs from those of the human Siglec-3-related proteins in that it is found on immature cells of the myelomonocytic lineage, with reduced expression on mature neutrophils and monocytes, and not on lymphoid cells. It has been proposed that mAb E50-2440 may be used for identification of immature myelomonocytic cells in the mouse.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV786 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 786-nm. BD Horizon BV786 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect Cy™7-like dyes (eg, 780/60-nm filter).