The 2B11/CXCR4 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to mouse CD184, which is also known as the C-X-C Chemokine Receptor type 4 , CXCR4. CXCR4 (previously known as Fusin and LESTR), is a seven-transmembrane, G-protein-coupled receptor. It is the specific receptor for the CXC chemokine, SDF-1/CXCL12. Mouse CXCR4 shows 91% homology at the amino acid level with human CXCR4. CXCR4 is widely expressed by hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cell types including neutrophils, monocytes, T cells, B cells, CD34-positive progenitor cells, endothelial cells, neurons and astrocytes. Human CXCR4 is used by T-tropic HIV-1 as a co-receptor for viral entry. The mouse Cxcr4 gene has been mapped to chromosome 1.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.