The TU39 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes human major histocompatibility (MHC) Class II HLA-DR, DP and most DQ antigens. These antigens are encoded by genes within the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) Complex located on chromosome 6. MHC Class II antigens are transmembrane heterodimeric glycoproteins composed of α chain (36 kDa) and β chain (27 kDa) subunits. They are expressed primarily on antigen presenting cells which include dendritic cells, monocytes, macrophages, thymic epithelial cells, and B cells. They are also expressed on activated T cells. This molecule plays a major role in mediating cellular interactions during antigen presentation to CD4+ T lineage cells. The TU39 antibody is reportedly useful for immunophenotyping as well as functional studies including the inhibition of mixed lymphocyte reactions and antibody-mediated complement fixation on target cells.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV480 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 436-nm and Em Max at 478-nm, BD Horizon BV480 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the BD Horizon BV510 (525/40-nm) filter set. BV480 has less spillover into the BV605 detector and, in general, is brighter than BV510.