The 536 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes Vγ 3† T-cell Receptor (TCR)-bearing T lymphocytes, which are the predominant γδ TCR-bearing cells in the early fetal thymus and the adult epidermis of euthymic mice. The first T cells to mature in the embryonic thymus express the Vγ 3 and Vδ 1 TCR chains, and their development is dependent upon IL-7. There is evidence that the Vγ 3 TCR-bearing fetal thymocytes are the precursors of the majority of dendritic epidermal T cells (DEC), which may be replenished in the adult by proliferation in situ rather than by seeding from primary lymphoid organs. Although the Vγ 3 TCR is almost exclusively found in the DEC population, it has been shown that the homing of DEC to the epidermis does not require expression of the Vγ 3 gene segment. Vγ 3 TCR-bearing dermal dendritic cells have also been described. Vγ 3 TCR has also been found on a subset of T lymphocytes in the lactating mammary gland and at the site of antigenic challenge in contact-sensitized mice. Plate-bound 536 antibody activates Vγ 3 TCR-bearing T cells, and Fab fragments of mAb 536 block in vitro stimulation of DEC by keratinocytes.
† Please note that the Vγ 3 designation correlates with the nomenclature of Garman, Doherty, and Raulet; the Vγ 5 designation of Heilig and Tonegawa is equivalent.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.
NOTE: The BD Rhapsody Single-Cell Analysis System must be used with the BD Rhapsody Express Instrument.