The C3 II.1 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD49c which is also known as Integrin alpha 3 (α3 integrin). CD49c is encoded by ITGA3 (Integrin subunit alpha 3). CD49c is a 150 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein which non-covalently associates with integrin β1 (CD29) to form the α3β1 (CD49c/CD29, VLA-3) complex. CD49c is expressed mostly on endothelial and epithelial cells (basal epidermal layers). It is not expressed on platelets and is expressed weakly on peripheral blood leucocytes, including T cells, B cells, and monocytes. The CD49c/CD29 complex serves as an adhesive receptor for kalinin or epiligrin. This interaction may be important for thymocyte interaction with thymic epithelium.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV615 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome with an Ex Max near 350 nm and an Em Max near 615 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV615 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 610/20 filter and a 595 nm LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the blue/yellow-green laser line, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting PE-CF594 like emissions (eg, 610/20-nm filter).