Reacts with platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor β, a 170-190 kDa single transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, glial cells and chondrocytes. PDGF receptors, α and β, are single glycoproteins with intracellular tyrosine kinase domains. They are structurally similar to M-CSF receptor and CD117 (c-kit). Their ligand, PDGF, is a mitogen for connective tissue cells and glial cells. PDGF plays a role in wound healing and acts as a chemoattractant for fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, glial cells, monocytes and neutrophils. Functional PDGF is secreted as a disulfide-linked dimer of A and B chains (PDGF-AA, PDGF-BB or PDGF-AB). Binding of divalent PDGF induces receptor dimerization with three possible forms: αα, αβ, ββ. The PDGF receptor α-subunit binds both PDGF A and B chains, whereas the receptor β-subunit binds only PDGF B chain. Both receptor subunits can stimulate mitogenic responses, only the β subunit can induce chemotaxis. 28D4 is specific for PDGFRβ and does not cross-react with PDGFRα.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV615 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome with an Ex Max near 350 nm and an Em Max near 615 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV615 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 610/20 filter and a 595 nm LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the blue/yellow-green laser line, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting PE-CF594 like emissions (eg, 610/20-nm filter).