The MHD4-46 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to Delta-Like Protein 4 which is also known as Delta4, DLL4, and DL4. Delta-Like Protein 4 is a type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein which belongs to the Delta/Serrate/Jagged Family of Notch receptor ligands. The Notch family of transmembrane receptors and their ligands play key roles in various developmental and postnatal processes by controlling cell-fate decisions. Delta-Like Protein 4 is expressed by vascular endothelial cells within certain normal tissues and tumors. It signals through Notch1 and Notch 4 Receptors and plays a critical role in vascular development and homeostasis. Delta-Like Protein 4 expression is upregulated in response to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and regulates endothelial cell proliferation during vascular sprouting. Delta-Like Protein 4 is also expressed by activated human monocytes and dendritic cells that have been stimulated with proinflammatory activators such as lipopolysaccharide. Recent evidence suggests that Delta-Like Protein 4 may contribute to the T cell potential of CD34+ cells and to the growth of various tumors, and promote tumor cell infiltration.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.