The WM53 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD33 which is also known as Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin 3 (Siglec-3) or gp67. CD33 is a 67 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is variably expressed on myeloid progenitors, monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, neutrophils, basophils, mast cells, and on some activated T cells and NK cells. Normal lymphocytes, platelets, erythrocytes and pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells do not express the CD33 antigen. This glycoprotein reportedly functions as a sialic acid-dependent cell adhesion molecule and this function can be modulated by endogenous sialoglycoconjugates when CD33 is expressed on the membrane.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system or other oligo-dT-based capture systems. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.