The 1C6/CXCR3 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to human CD183, also known as the CXCR3 chemokine receptor. CD183 is a 40-41 kDa seven-transmembrane protein and member of the G protein-coupled receptor family. CD183 is expressed primarily on activated T cells that infiltrate inflammatory sites. It has also been detected on some circulating T cells, B cells, and NK cells. Reports show that some CXCR3-positive T cells also express CCR5 and are mostly CD45RO-positive cells. Three ligands for CXCR3 have been identified. They are CXCL9 (Mig/monokine induced by interferon-γ), CXCL10 (IP-10/interferon-γ inducible 10-kD protein), and CXCL11 (I-TAC/interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant). These chemokines are produced by a variety of cells upon stimulation by IFN-γ and interact with CXCR3 to mediate T-cell chemotaxis. This reagent has been reported to be suitable for immunohistochemical staining of acetone-fixed, frozen sections and/or formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections with citrate pretreatment. Clone 1C6/CXCR3 also cross reacts with a subset of peripheral blood lymphocytes of baboon, and both rhesus and cynomolgus macaque monkeys. The distribution of lymphocytes is similar to that observed with CD183-positive peripheral blood lymphocytes from normal human donors. CXCR3 has been clustered as CD183 in the VIIth HLDA workshop.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system or other oligo-dT-based capture systems. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.