The mAb I3/2.3 recognizes mouse CD45, which is also known as the leukocyte common antigen (L-CA or LCA), T200, or Lymphocyte antigen 5 (Ly-5). CD45 is a 180-240 kDa single-pass type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by Ptprc (protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, C) which belongs to the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. CD45 is variably expressed on thymocytes and other hematopoietic cells except mature erythrocytes and platelets. Different isoforms of CD45 arise from alternative splicing of variable exons 4, 5, and 6, which encode A, B, and C determinants, respectively, that encode extracellular domains of the transmembrane receptor. The differential expression of these isoforms is related to the cell's lineage as well as its state of activation and maturation. The mAb I3/2.3 reportedly recognizes all CD45 isoforms. CD45 plays key roles as a protein tyrosine-protein phosphatase in leucocyte responses including signal pathways transduced by antigen specific receptors expressed on T cells (TCRs) and B cells (BCRs).
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ Red 718, which has been developed exclusively by for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor™ 700. BD Horizon™ Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor™ 700.