The 104 monoclonal antibody recognizes the CD45 (Leukocyte Common Antigen) present on all leucocytes of most mouse strains (eg, A, AKR, BALB/c, CBA/Ca, CBA/J, C3H/He, C57BL, C57BR, C57L, C58, DBA/1, DBA/2, NZB, SWR, 129). This alloantigen was originally named Ly-5.1, and this was the designation at the time that the antibody was characterized. The designation was later changed from Ly-5.1 to Ly-5.2 to conform with the convention that the .2 alloantigen designations be assigned to the C57BL/6 strain. mAb 104 has been reported not to react with leucocytes of the mouse strains expressing the CD45.1 alloantigen (eg, RIII, SJL/J, STS/A, and DA). CD45 is a member of the Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase (PTP) family: its intracellular (COOH-terminal) region contains two PTP catalytic domains, and the extracellular region is highly variable due to alternative splicing of exons 4, 5, and 6 (designated A, B, and C, respectively), plus differing levels of glycosylation. The CD45 isoforms detected in the mouse are cell type-, maturation-, and activation state-specific. The CD45 isoforms play complex roles in T-cell and B-cell antigen receptor signal transduction. The 104 antibody has been reported to inhibit some responses of B cells, from mice expressing the CD45.2 alloantigen, to certain antigens and LPS. In addition, reduction of serum IgG levels and amelioration of autoimmune renal pathology were reported in mAb 104-treated systemic lupus erythematosus-prone mice.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV510 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 405-nm and Em Max at 510-nm, BD Horizon BV510 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the BD Horizon V500 (525/50-nm) filter set. BD Horizon BV510 conjugates are useful for the detection of dim markers off the violet laser.